Summary of Agrocultura | PRODUÇÃO DE MALTE E LÚPULO NO BRASIL | 11/02/2024

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In the "Agrocultura" YouTube video, the production of malt and hops (lúpulo) in Brazil is discussed, with a focus on the experimental hop field in Viana, where ideal climatic conditions and advanced agricultural technologies have led to a surge in production and local interest. The challenges faced by different agricultural regions in Brazil due to unpredictable weather patterns and extreme temperatures are also addressed, as well as the impact of the Rural technology fair in Paraná, where innovations and technologies were showcased to enhance productivity in the agronegócio sector. The video further explores "Carnivore Farming," a co-existence of soybean and livestock production, and its benefits for increasing productivity and profits, while eliminating the need for pastureland. The event discussed topics pertinent to farmers, including measures to prevent the spread of avian influenza, the crisis in the Brazilian dairy market, and the stimulus mechanism for farmers to supply raw milk in Brazil.

  • 00:00:00 In this section of the "Agrocultura" YouTube video, the focus shifts to the production of malt and hops (lúpulo) in Brazil for the brewing industry. The agricultural sector plays a significant role in the production of aroma and flavor essentials for the milenary beverage, beer. Until recently, hops cultivation was considered impossible in Brazil, but now, production has increased by 200% due to favorable climatic conditions and advanced technologies in agriculture. Brazil is the third largest producer of beer globally, yet all the lupulin used in breweries comes from external sources, such as the United States and Germany. To address this, the city of Viana in Grande Victoria created the first experimental Hop field in Brazil, aiming to develop a pole of artisanal breweries and establishing a local production chain. The project brought 60 registered hop seedlings from the Ministry of Agriculture, with seven distinct varieties, enabling local farmers to establish hop farms within their properties. The initiative has attracted the interest of local farmers who had previously only spoken of or seen hops but never experienced any production or farming. The result has exceeded expectations, with hop plants growing up to seven meters tall and producing significant yields.
  • 00:05:00 In this section of the YouTube video titled "Agrocultura | PRODUÇÃO DE MALTE E LÚPULO NO BRASIL | 11/02/2024", the speaker discusses the production of hops (lúpulo) in the municipality of Viana. They explain that hops require a certain number of hours of sunlight per day to grow and thrive, and Viana's high sunlight hours make it ideal for hop production. The speaker also mentions that Viana hops farmers use LED lights to supplement the hours of light during the night, allowing them to produce even more hops. The video marks a historic first hop harvest in Viana, and the speaker expresses surprise at the plant's productivity. The farmers in Viana have formed an association to support and promote local craft beer production. The video also touches on the impact of the climate on crop production in Brazil, specifically the reduction in corn production in Santa Catarina due to heavy rains and the anticipated high corn prices in 2024 due to reduced supply. In Paraná, soybean production is predicted to exceed 19 million tonnes, a 14% increase from the previous year, but heavy rains may delay the harvest.
  • 00:10:00 In this section of the YouTube video titled "Agrocultura | PRODUÇÃO DE MALTE E LÚPULO NO BRASIL | 11/02/2024," reporters Rafael Ferreira, Aroldo Tavares, and Brena Lorena discuss the effects of the climate on different agricultural regions in Brazil. In Mato Grosso do Sul, high temperatures in January hampered soya bean planting, but the estimate for production remained at 54 sacas per hectare. In Rondônia, heavy rainfall affected coffee, cattle farming, and fruit cultivation, but production was not significantly impacted due to the region's tropical, wet climate. In Roraima, low rainfall during January hurt grain crops, particularly soy and corn, and the planting of the first rice harvest is delayed due to the lack of water. In Pará, intense rains brought high volumes of water and caused flooding, but the tropical climate favors farming, and the Pupunha fruit harvest is ongoing. Minas Gerais experienced both excessive rain and high temperatures, leading to crop development delays for both corn and beans. Overall, unpredictable weather patterns and extreme temperatures challenge agricultural production in various regions throughout Brazil.
  • 00:15:00 In this section of the YouTube video titled "Agrocultura | PRODUÇÃO DE MALTE E LÚPULO NO BRASIL | 11/02/2024", the focus shifts to the sugarcane harvest, which witnessed normalcy in the first half of January but saw an increase in processed cane and sugar production compared to the same period last year. The impact of the climate in the Central East region of São Paulo, particularly in Tupã city, a significant producer of grains, is addressed. The region experienced below-average rainfall and slightly above-average temperatures, but the soil moisture levels remained satisfactory. Despite these conditions, the projection for the soybean harvest in February remains positive, with growth anticipated in both planted area and productivity. The show Rural, one of the three major agricultural technology fairs in the world, took place in Cascavel, Paraná. This event brought innovations and technologies to facilitate farming and increase productivity in the agronegócio sector. With over 720,000 square meters of area and 600 brands presenting their work during the event, the total revenue generated surpassed 6 billion reais, and the public attendance reached close to 4.4 million people. This edition marked the 36th anniversary of the show, which continues to be a leader in all aspects. Apart from advanced machinery, smaller equipment drew significant attention from attendees, such as the Spot, a robotic dog. This was the first of its kind in Brazil, brought as part of a partnership between the Brazilian Development Industrial Agency, Parque Tecnológico Itaipu, and Petrobras to promote the development of 5G industrial networks in the country. However, the Spot robot was not only created to serve the oil industry and has potential applications in agriculture, particularly inSilos. At the event, the hackathon competition challenged young minds to find innovative solutions to agricultural challenges, showcasing the continuous focus on technological advancements in the sector.
  • 00:20:00 In this section of the "Agrocultura" YouTube video titled "PRODUÇÃO DE MALTE E LÚPULO NO BRASIL" from November 2, 2024, the hosts discuss the challenges and solutions in the agricultural industry, with a focus on the co-existence of soybean and livestock production, known as "Carnivore Farming." The event welcomed 75 participants and 15 multidisciplinary teams composed of developers, designers, business area professionals, and cooperative members. The expo showcased 500 animals of auto-genetics, including dairy, beef, and sheep. A new addition to this edition was the cultivation of meat as an option for producers. Farmers collect soybeans and do not need to plant corn as the area can be occupied by livestock. Using the precision agriculture concept, animals are raised in the same cornfield after the harvest, resulting in increased productivity and profits, while eliminating the need for pastureland and its lower productivity and security. Topics covered include the avian influenza threat to Brazil's major poultry exporter and the extension of emergency decrees to prevent its spread. Minister Paulo Teixeira from the Development Agrarian and Rural Agriculture sector discussed the crisis in the Brazilian dairy market and protection of the domestic milk market, as well as establishing the stimulus mechanism for farmers to supply raw milk in Brazil. These measures have been in effect since February 1, increasing farmers' productivity. The "Show Rural" provides information on current and important issues for farmers, such as avian influenza prevention measures, and extends the Paraná emergency sanitary decree for 180 days to maintain safety.

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