Summary of Sucesos en México Siglo XX

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The video discusses three major events in Mexican history during the 20th century: the 1988 presidential election, the Zapatista uprising in 1994, and the 1985 earthquake in Mexico City. In each case, the video argues that the Mexican government's response was inadequate and led to further problems.

  • 00:00:00 In 1988, Mexican elections were held to elect a new president. The three main candidates were Carlos Salinas de Gortari, a member of the so-called "technocrats" faction of the PRI, Manuel Clouthier of the PAN, and Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas of the leftist FDP. The elections were seen as a chance to show popular discontent with the government, and the three candidates had very different styles and charisma. On July 6, 1988, the FDP won decisively in the federal district, an area with a history of voting for the PRI. However, less than a week later, it was announced that Carlos Salinas de Gortari had actually won the election. The other candidates began a movement throughout the country alleging fraud, and within a few months, a reform of the electoral system had been passed that handed control over elections to citizens. Foxx's victory in 2000, as the first president of an opposition party in Mexico, was a major victory for democracy. His populist speeches and expressions of common people's concerns won him widespread support. However, despite the benefits of the NAFTA agreement, Mexico has experienced ongoing problems with democracy, including allegations of fraud in recent elections
  • 00:05:00 In his first declaration of the jungle, Subcomandante Marcos LZLN criticized the Mexican government for years denying rights to its citizens. After a few sporadic engagements, LZLN withdrew to the depths of the jungle and continued the fight from a less usual front, the media. The Mexican government's first response was to crush the guerrilla militarily, but international solidarity and support from Mexican citizens prevented this. The government proposed a dialogue, which was harsh and difficult, but eventually led to the San Andrés Agreement, which to this day has not been fully implemented for the indigenous Mexican citizens living in the Lacandona jungle for centuries. The earthquake of 1985 in Mexico City caused the collapse of dozens of residential buildings, offices, hospitals, and schools. The news around the world created a sensation and it was said that the city had been wiped off the map. Local authorities acted with hesitation and Miguel de la Madrid, then president of Mexico, refused to receive international aid at first. The slow and clumsy response of the government made the people of the city organize themselves and thousands of volunteers worked tirelessly to raise debris, direct traffic, and organize a city threatened by chaos. In 1992, under the presidency of Carlos Salinas de Gortari, several legal

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