Summary of Universidad en Casa - PIU. Núcleo Venezuela Potencia Productiva. Clase 5

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00:00:00 - 00:30:00

In this video, a group of students discuss the origins of capital and how it affects the development of society. They also look at the mystery of commodity production, examining it from a cultural perspective.

  • 00:00:00 This video is about a class on how to study and learn at home in the context of the Venezuela Potencia Productiva (VPP) program. In this class, we will discuss how the capitalist system produces value, capital's origins, and the mystifying nature of commodities. Later in the class, we will look at how the capitalist system produces surplus value, and how this affects the development of the American economy. Finally, we will discuss how the capitalist system produces value and how this affects the development of society.
  • 00:05:00 In this video, an economist discusses the value of a worker's labor in the capitalist economy. He explains that, in theory, the capitalist can increase a worker's wages by paying them an additional amount for their labor that is above what is considered "socially accepted." This extra amount, called "plusvalor," is what allows the capitalist to accumulate more wealth. The capitalist then uses this wealth to buy goods and services from other capitalists, creating a cycle of exploitation.
  • 00:10:00 The video discusses how workers are sold to the highest bidder in order to maximize profit, and how the origin of capital is born. It concludes by discussing how the capitalists present an idealized version of capitalism, and how the real world is much different than what is presented in textbooks.
  • 00:15:00 The video discusses the importance of understanding the origins of capital, specifically in terms of how certain nations have been able to accumulate more resources than others. It discusses the role of piracy in this process, and how it has impacted different parts of the world. It also discusses the historic relationship between Spain and America, and how this has led to Spain becoming one of the richest nations in the world. This wealth has been largely derived from the exploitation of other countries' resources, and as a result, many nations are still struggling to achieve a level of development equal to what Spain has achieved.
  • 00:20:00 In this video, Carlos esmarx, a philosopher central to structural Marxist thought, discusses the phenomenon of commodity fetishism. He argues that, despite appearances to the contrary, commodities are not actually an object of human possession, but rather a social construct that serves the interests of their producers. Marx sees commodity fetishism as a characteristic of societies that are based on the production of commodities.
  • 00:25:00 In this video, a Venezuelan university professor discusses how capitalism exploits people in developing countries, and how students can fight the system by recognizing the importance of commodities and how to use them responsibly.
  • 00:30:00 This video is a class taught by a group of undergraduate students at their home university. They discuss the importance of capital accumulation and its role in the development of productivity. They also look at the origins of capital and its impact on the American model of development. Finally, they discuss the mystery of commodity production, examining it from a cultural perspective.

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