Summary of G. SARTORI - Medios de comunicación, información y decisiones públicas: un reto para la democracia

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00:00:00 - 01:00:00

G. Sartori discusses the importance of accurate and unbiased information in a democracy, and how television often fails in this regard. He argues that the media's excessive focus on trivialities instead of important events greatly reduces the public's ability to make informed decisions.

  • 00:00:00 G. Sartori discusses the challenges of communicating public policy decisions in an era of rapid technological change. He says that, although he is not fluent in Spanish, he will have to speak in English because he does not know Spanish well enough to speak it fluently. He also notes that his English is excellent, one of his privileges as a best-selling author. He discusses the relationship between democracy and the media, and how the latter is challenged today by "the videopolítica." He concludes that democracy is an old entity that is known well by the media, but that the media are a new development in the realm of rapid technological change and should be considered "animals not understood" that should not be offended.
  • 00:05:00 In this video, G. Sartori talks about the different types of media and how they are important for democracy. He also touches on the importance of the internet for news and information. He argues that without media, a democracy would be almost inconceivable. However, in recent decades, television has become the dominant media for public information.
  • 00:10:00 The video discusses the challenge of media communication, information, and public decisions, and how telecommunication distance has changed in the past but is no longer the only way to view the world. The speaker argues that the distance-based, televiewing approach has lost its significance in today's world, where thinking about the invisible is a difficult task. Concepts such as consensus, state, sovereignty, liberty, and equality are all visible, but some of the abstract ideas underlying democracy, such as justice, legitimacy, and legalism, are not. The speaker argues that these concepts would be more visible if understood and seen rather than just understood. He provides an example of the concept of equality, which can be visualized or represented in an image, but the representation of the concept of justice, which is abstract, would be an empty set of balls on a board. While this may be an accurate description of reality, it is an inaccurate and deceptive representation of justice. The speaker concludes that, while the representation of abstract concepts may not be 100% complete, it is nevertheless a victory, at least in terms of how I feel about it. Many of my listeners seem to agree, as they are unable to understand what I'm saying when I talk about the loss of abstraction and
  • 00:15:00 In this video, G. Sartori explains the importance of communication, information, and public decision-making and how it is a challenge for democracy. He notes that animals do not think in the same way humans do, and that the ability to abstract is the same ability as reason-ing. He goes on to say that although the problem isn't entirely understood, the answer is clear in Blair's response--she doesn't understand the problem. Sartori argues that the lack of abstraction in animals is irrelevant, as they are not rational in the same way humans are. Different from humans, animals are capable of extracting and abstracting observable concepts in terms of transforming things into tools for thinking and creating things. He claims that the ability to abstraction is only a step in the process of debating if an abstract concept can become too abstract, and then becomes more difficult to manage between more concrete concepts. He also says that as we are being raised in a society with television as a constant exposure, our understanding of abstract concepts may not be fully developed yet. This video discusses the classical Greek concept of paideia, which means "the education of a child." According to Sartori, one of the main effects of television exposure on children is the imprinting of the
  • 00:20:00 The video discusses how the media, information, and public decision-making challenges present a challenge to democracy. It notes that while images are accompanied by words, which explain them, these words are peripheral to the viewer's attention and purpose. This is to say that words that explain images have little cognitive function and are confined to an auxiliary role in human beings. Conditions, which are invisible, need to be met in order to access coffee, for example, after all. When we need it, we need it—not just a little, but a lot. In contrast, human beings in Homo sapiens have a greater ability to see conditions and monitor the invisible. This ability precedes television by some 50 to 100 years. I'm opening up to questions about these numbers. The relationship between what is seen and what is known was approximately 10 to 90 in the past. Now it may be 90 to 10, and our mental world is shrinking increasingly. It sounds apocalyptic, but it's actually true. Intergenerational conflict is distant, intergenerational. Young people who boast of being different from their parents are actually politically different from them, and they're different from their elders in all sorts of ways, external and 2. I
  • 00:25:00 The video discusses the challenges posed by the spread of misinformation and disinformation through the media, and the need for a more informed public to be able to make informed decisions in politics. The speaker argues that this is not currently possible in society due to the prevalence of professional biases among journalists. He argues that this problem can be solved by educating the public on matters of public importance in a way that is accessible and not overly influenced by professional biases.
  • 00:30:00 G. Sartori discusses the importance of media, information, and public decision-making, and argues that citizens need basic information about public events and issues in order to be able to make informed decisions. He points out that, in many cases, Italian citizens are not adequately informed about key aspects of their country's constitutional reform process, and that this lack of information can have a significant impact on how citizens vote. He also suggests that, in order to maintain a democratic system, citizens must be well-informed about the government they are electing.
  • 00:35:00 G. Sartori discusses the role of media in public decision-making, noting that while the media can play a positive role in informing the public, it can also lead to inaccuracy and deception. He argues that media outlets should be especially careful when reporting on homicides, accidents, and other sensitive topics, as their coverage can be misleading.
  • 00:40:00 G. Sartori discusses the importance of accurate and unbiased information in a democracy, and how television often fails in this regard. He argues that the media's excessive focus on trivialities instead of important events greatly reduces the public's ability to make informed decisions.
  • 00:45:00 The video discusses the issue of media bias and how it affects the public's understanding of politics and events. It points out that, because television cameras are not always present during political events, a large percentage of the world is invisible and, as a result, does not exist. This lack of visibility also affects the way in which political decisions are made, as people are not given enough information to make an informed decision. The video also discusses the issue of disinformation, which is widespread and can be deliberate or accidental. Every day, information is distorted and manipulated to produce misleading and inaccurate reports.
  • 00:50:00 This video discusses the challenges of communicating information and public decision-making in a democracy, focusing in particular on the issue of discrimination. It notes that, despite the existence of data indicating that minorities are disproportionately disadvantaged in the United States, this is often not understood or accepted as a problem, and is instead blamed on "disfunction" within minority groups. The video then explores the use of statistics to demonstrate the existence of discrimination, and concludes that it is difficult to demonstrate discrimination in a systematic way, and that TV programs and interviews often rely on unrepresentative samples to produce sensationalized or distorted information.
  • 00:55:00 In this video, G. Sartori discusses the role of the media in public decision-making, and how it affects democracy. He notes that democracy rests on the opinion of the public, which is an important entity to define. He discusses the phenomenon of opinion polling, which has become increasingly widespread in recent decades, and how it can be used to manipulate the public. He concludes the video by saying that opinion polling is a false representation of the opinion of the public, and that it has negative consequences for the quality of public life.

01:00:00 - 01:10:00

The video discusses the problems with democracy in the modern world and how these problems can be addressed. It is important to improve media, information, and public decision-making, and to redesign courses at schools to be more resistant to changing public opinion.

  • 01:00:00 G. Sartori discusses the various methods of communication, information, and public decisions, and how these methods can be used to manipulate public opinion. He provides three examples of how a question can be phrased in a way that leads to a majority of respondents giving an answer that is different from their original thought. He goes on to say that this phenomenon is common in polls and elections, and explains why it is dangerous for democracies. Finally, he provides an optimistic perspective on the long-term survival of democracy by noting that in the modern world, there is no other game in town.
  • 01:05:00 In the modern world, many people believe that only an elected government by the people, through free and fair elections, is a legitimate government with the right to loyalty and obedience. Despite this, Mexico and most of Latin America still have more democracy today than a few decades ago. This is largely due to the fact that people vote for representatives, not themselves, in order to control the government and protect the equal rights and liberties of citizens. Even though a poor electorate can still make a functioning representative democracy, I believe that the future of democracy is more likely to be disastrous if we do not take the perspective that we need a democratic society governed by an autocrat, where the people take control of their government and decide their own issues. This is possible, but I am pessimistic about the future of democracy as a whole, despite the fact that I am optimistic about the potential of a democracy governed by the people, represented by elected representatives. My position is that video elections should not be turned into a marketing and entertainment spectacle, and that the formation of human beings through video education can be improved responsibly by parents.
  • 01:10:00 The video discusses the need for media, information, and public decision-making to be improved in order to better protect democracy. Schools must also redesign their courses to be more resistant to changing public opinion, and it is time for people to come together and fight this battle. Whatever I do, I am not a fighter, and I hope that you will join me in this fight and that it happens before children are born. Thank you.

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