Summary of Conceptos de: Psicopatología, Normalidad, Anormalidad y Enfoques de Psicopatología

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This video discusses the concepts of "normalcy," "abnormality," and "psychopathology." It presents a documentary about the different approaches to these concepts and how they are understood in different contexts. The video highlights the importance of understanding different psychopatological approaches in order to have a better understanding of mental disorders.

  • 00:00:00 In this video, the concepts of "normalcy," "abnormality," and "psychopathology" are discussed. The video presents a documentary about the concepts of psychopathology, normalcy, and abnormality, and their various approaches. The first part of the video discusses the science of psychiatry, which is based on the study of abnormal mental behavior. The second part of the video discusses the science of psychology, which is based on the application of mental health treatments. The third part of the video discusses the concept of "normalcy," which is based on the belief that what is considered normal by the majority is what is natural and flows without interruption. The fourth part of the video discusses the concept of "psychopathology," which is based on the understanding that mental and behavioral disturbances can be classified into two categories-those that are rare and those that are common. The normalcy of something is determined by its frequency, which is the statistical average of occurrences. The abnormal of something is defined as something that is irrefutable and cannot be disputed, but it can be difficult to identify what is abnormal. The concept of "normality" is what is accepted as natural, which flows without interruption and is accepted by the majority as being common. The concept of
  • 00:05:00 The following is a transcript excerpt of a video titled "Conceptos de: Psicopatología, Normalidad, Anormalidad y Enfoques de Psicopatología" which discusses the concepts of: normalcy, abnormality, and psychopatology. First, the normalcy which corresponds with aspects such as adaptation to suffering, inability to respond effectively to a new situation, and individual's adaptation to life's tensions in society and their psychological and physical demands with irrationality. These actions that are not understandable or have no meaning in terms of rational thought are considered abnormal. With loss of control, it is usually expected that people would control themselves and their behavior be predictable. However, this is not always the case, and there is discomfort and even violation of moral standards when observing someone with an abnormal behavior. In addition, the individual may experience suffering due to the normalcy, which produces psychological pain in people. However, it is important to consider that not all suffering is pathological. The desadaptation without a functional and adaptive behavior can be difficult to achieve goals such as well-being and survival. Another element is loss of control, where it is said that the behavior of people around us should be predictable and have consistency and control
  • 00:10:00 This video discusses the concept of psychopathology, which is a term used to describe a mental illness that is caused by abnormal brain function. Various factors can contribute to psychopathology, including anatomical and biochemical changes, infections, allergies, tumors, cardiovascular diseases, physical injuries, and stressors. Mental disorders can be classified as organic or functional, because they have different origins. Biological psychiatrists used psychoactive substances to understand how the brain works, and they realized that drugs can treat mental illnesses because they have direct contact with neurotransmitters. Current thinking in psychopathology is based on the dynamic model, which states that psychological disorders are the result of acquired, habitual responses that are driven by unconscious processes. Freud's psychoanalysis is the most influential form of psychotherapy, and the conduct model of psychiatry has been useful in understanding how emotional responses involved in various psychological disorders develop and are maintained.
  • 00:15:00 The cognitive model of psychology is new and has been in development for psychology's history. The study of mental activity and self-awareness are central to psychological research, and this model is marked by a strong interest in mental processes related to perceiving, attending to, memorizing, and thinking in a general way. The term "cognitive psychology" refers to a set of content areas that guide psychological research. These content areas reference cognitive activity, or the mental activity of human beings and their products, which is based on the assumption that humans are self-aware, active, and responsively related to environmental conditions and their survival struggle. The experimental methodology of cognitive psychology is often used to infer processes of knowledge-creation from behavioral data, psychological reports, physiological records, and ideas that have been influenced by cognitive psychology. The humanistic model of psychology maintains personhood and self-respect in the face of psychiatric disorder. It is concerned more with the alternative than with systematic study of behavior; as a result, it can be said that psychiatry has been present throughout history and that the test for mental illness has disappeared as human beings evolved and became better equipped to understand their reality. Treatment typically involves helping the disturbed person realize and accept their reality, formulating concepts that are more realistic and
  • 00:20:00 This video discusses the concepts of "psychopathology," "normalcy," and "abnormality," and presents different perspectives on the subject. It was noted that, depending on the context, something can be considered "normal" or "abnormal." However, never should we forget that "abnormal" does not always mean "ill" and we should not fall into the criticism of those who view mental disorders as simply a matter of bad luck. Finally, the importance of understanding different psychopatological approaches is highlighted, providing a foundation for understanding mental disorders from different contexts. These include the physical body in the biological model, the unconscious in the dynamic model, thought in behavior in the cognitive model, and the human being in itself in the humanistic model. Finally, it was said that, by presenting this information, the objective has been met. Hopefully, this documentary has been of help and, more importantly, that it has been of assistance in your understanding. Thank you.

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