Summary of Estructuras anatómicas en la radiografía panorámica

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This video discusses the different structures that can be seen in a panoramic radiograph. The narrator uses the Hippocratic Oath as a way to discuss how radiography is a valuable tool, even when some images are not always present.

  • 00:00:00 This video discusses the different structures that can be seen on a radiograph, as well as the principle that is used to interpret them. It then goes on to talk about the four types of shadows that can be seen on a radiograph: primary, secondary, phantom, and some elements of the radiograph machine. The primary image is that of a single structure, such as the skull or face, that will be represented in the panoramic image once the central ray has passed through it. Other examples include the mandibular condyle, the os maxillares (molars), and the nasal septum. Each of these structures will be seen between the x-ray source and the film, and will typically be represented as two radio-pale bands. The video then goes on to describe the lateral walls of the nose, which will be seen as two radio-pale bands that limit the area of visible radiation. Remembering that a panoramic image is made up of a series of earlier images, the video goes on to explain that the wall behind the nasal septum will be seen in the earlier image as a band that has been inverted, and the wall behind the maxillary sinus will be seen as a band that has been
  • 00:05:00 In this video, we look at the anatomical structures on panoramic radiography. We focus on the nasal tabique and the septal cartilage anterior to it. We also look at the inferior cornet on one panoramic image only. We then observe its entire extent on the right and left side graphically. We also look at the nasal cavities as bands of smooth protuberances, and below the inferior cornet, we call it the inferior meatus. We also look at the inferior meatus in the same way on the other image, the middle meatus. The inferior meatus is usually more clearly seen in the anterior area, while in the rest, it is seen more vaguely due to the reasons mentioned earlier. Another primary image of the cornet, the immediate inferior, gives the same result. We then observe the inferior cornet on the right and left sides as two radio bands. We limit the view of the nasal septum in a radiography for surgery by drawing a line on its anterior edge. We also look at the inferior cornet, the middle cornet, and the inferior meatus on the right side. On the left side, we see the inferior meatus and the inferior cornet, the shadow of
  • 00:10:00 This video shows the different anatomical structures that can be seen in panoramic radiography. In particular, it focuses on the right and left masticatory muscles, the maxilla, and the malar bone. We continue with the zygomatic bone, which we will observe as two radio spots. These are continuations of the A-line, in case I continue. Next, we see a panorámica of an apical radiograph of the mandible, with the zygomatic bone and apófisis zigomática (zigomatous prominence) in view. We then see the malar bone at the surface of the mandible, and continue with the radio spots to the apófisis zigomática (zigomatous prominence), which corresponds to the hones malar or cigomático on a panoramic image. We no longer have the hones malar. We next look at the left malar bone, and observe the apófisis zigomática and hones malar on the right. Here, we see the zygomatic bone and hones malar join to form the arco
  • 00:15:00 In this video, we observe various anatomical structures on panoramic radiography, including the maxilla, the right and left fosas trigo maxilar, and the foramen magnum. These structures are invariable and often present on panoramic radiographs even in cases where other factors may be responsible for their appearance. We continue with the maxilla: we graphically observe the maxilla's fontanel, and then we look at it lúcida (with a bright light) to see its morphology. We then look at the maxilla's malar (floor) and posterior superior region. In this region, we find the inversion of the tear's shape, which is known as the "maxillary lágrima invertida." We also find the left and right fosas trigo maxilar here. The process of video-taking continues with the tribu de a externa de left (tribe of external left), and today we will look at the gancho (hook) and coronó hoy (crown today) on an apical radiograph. Finally, we look at the apófisis coronó hoy de la rama de la mandíbula (c
  • 00:20:00 In this video, the author discusses the different anatomical structures that can be seen in a panoramic radiography. He identifies the maxilla, the mandible, and the lower jawbone, including the angle of the jaw's summit and the ascending ramus of the mandible. Next, he covers the middle mandibular ramus with a lumi-radiograph shadow and the lingual ramus with a radio lumen. He then uses a radio lumen to highlight the inferior ventral incision and the lingual gingiva. He continues by looking at the inferior maxillary incision and the inferior cortical radio lines. Finally, he discusses the apical radiograph, which is similar to a periapical radiograph in that it is more easily identifiable.
  • 00:25:00 This video demonstrates the different anatomical structures that can be seen on a panoramic radiograph. Borrowing from the Hippocratic Oath, the narrator discusses how radiography is a valuable tool, even when some images are not always present. In this video, we see the mastoid process, apophysis mastoides, and the thyroid gland. We also see the laryngeal prominence and the external auditory meatus. Finally, we look at the secondary auditory canal.

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