Summary of Heart Valve Disease - Pathology mini tutorial

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Heart valve disease can lead to a variety of symptoms, depending on which valves are affected. The most common cause of valve disease is rheumatic heart disease, but it can also be caused by congenital abnormalities, age-related degeneration, or a variety of other factors. Treatment depends on the underlying cause of the valve disease and the severity of the symptoms.

  • 00:00:00 In this video, pathologist discuss the various causes of heart disease, including congenital abnormalities, age-related degeneration, dilatation of the valve ring, and destruction by acute necrotizing inflammation. Inflammatory bowel disease may also be due to an immune-mediated cause, while mitral and aortic valve disease are usually affected. Catastrophic sudden mitral incompetence can be caused by a rupture of the quad tendon, and rheumatic heart disease is the most common cause of bicuspid aortic valve.
  • 00:05:00 Heart valve disease can affect the heart's valves, which can lead to various symptoms. Left ventricular hypertrophy, angina, and the severe stenosis, syncope, arrhythmias can occur occasionally. Pulmonary and tricuspid valve disease are uncommon when they occur, but can be due to rheumatic heart disease, intravenous drug abuse, or carcinoid syndrome.

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