Summary of La Revolucion argentina.

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The video discusses the Argentine Revolution of 1971, specifically the 15-day-long uprising known as the "vibrorazo." The video interviews a comunista who lived in Córdoba during the time and discusses the importance of the uprising in terms of the development of the comunista movement in Argentina. The video also discusses the final days of the Revolution and the eventual return of Perón to power.

  • 00:00:00 In the early morning of June 28, 1966, the army surrounded the house of rosada. Around 5:30am, General Julio de Soft Garay entered the president's office and announced that the military had taken power and reprimanded Illia's 'delicious' attitude. He asks Illia to retire, and hours later the same group of officers returns with nine federal police officers armed to evict him forcibly from the presidential palace. In the meantime, the president predicts some day that the responsible people will be ashamed before their children. The only response is that there is no small enemy to play with, because there are no isolated villages anymore. On March 29, 1962, President Arturo Frondizi was deposed by the military. José Mari, the Senate's highest authority, takes over as military governor under the tutelage of the military castes. The military is fractured internally between its different positions towards Peronism. The anti-Peronists, known as the gorilas (or blue-shirted), represent the tougher line in opposition to Peronism and are staunchly
  • 00:05:00 In 1966, Admiral Benigno Varela formed a revolutionary junta and put into effect a higher constitution above the one granted by the Constitution which gave them the right to name the new president. The man chosen wasn't surprising to anyone; General Juan Carlos Onganía. He has led Argentina to the Argentine Revolution with a vast plan of positive assertions, as well as concrete achievements. This is the end of the process of deterioration, but it is frozen and, upon emerging with a great hope for our peace, an Egyptian general to his hard and authoritarian military without political experience, practicing and intensely nationalist, is convinced that the army is above politics and believes that the democratic system is the mother of all vices at the beginning of government. Onganía leaves no doubt about his plan: either dissolve the parliament or let it work, prohibits political parties and confiscates their assets, dissolves the student associations and silences the labor unions with violence, but the main repression focus is put on communism and especially on university student activity. For Onganía, political student activity is an exercise in subversive gymnastics and the breeding ground for what he calls "ideological infiltration." This is why his government decides to intervene universities and take away their academic autonomy.
  • 00:10:00 In this video, the state requests a loan from a foreign financial institution, renews oil contracts decided to nationalize the economy in favor of foreign corporations, and moves forward with a modernization plan from the economy, but ultraconservative in the university cultural sphere. At the beginning of 1968, the labor movement is divided between those organizations led by Augusto Vándor, who have a cooperative line with the government, and those led by Pedro Eugenio Aramburu, who do not condone in the military regime but neither move workers against them. In March, the Coordination General of Labor (CGT) is founded, composed of opposition sectors that challenge the government but fail. Conflict within and the appearance of new union leaders like Agustín Tozzo give the resistance new life. In May, general popular discontent promotes in Cordoba a movement known as the Cordobazo with which the government falls. The Cordobazo exacerbates differences within the military leadership and spreads rumors of a possible overthrow. In that climate of crisis, General Pedro Eugenio Eugenio Aramburu, ex-president of facto, begins promoting a negotiated exit route through the political parties, his goal being to bring to the presidency a man accepted by the military forces,
  • 00:15:00 In 1970, a military junta replaced the democratically-elected government of Argentina. The junta was made up of military officers and aimed to take Argentina forward politically through a gradual transition to democracy. However, the popular opinion of the new regime was not well-known, and the junta soon found itself at odds with the military's own policies. In October 1970, President Roberto Levingston replaced the ministers imposed by the junta with his own appointees. This created major differences of opinion among the military leaders, and Levingston's ideas began to diverge from those of the junta's commanders. By early 1971, Levingston had decided to appoint José Camilo Urriburu as governor of the province of Medio Oriente, replacing Bernardino Bas. Urriburu was a conservative Catholic and an admirer of fascism; his rhetoric inflamed the people of Cordoba. In February 1971, Levingston appointed José Urriburu governor of the province of Cordoba. This led to protests and violent clashes, as the people of Cordoba were opposed to a conservative Catholic regime. José Urriburu was eventually forced to resign in March 1971.
  • 00:20:00 The video discusses the 1971 Argentine Revolution, specifically the 15-day-long, violent uprising known as the "vibrorazo." The video interviews a comunista who lived in Córdoba during the time and discusses the importance of the uprising in terms of the development of the comunista movement in Argentina. The video also discusses the final days of the Revolution and the eventual return of Perón to power.
  • 00:25:00 The video discusses the return of Argentine President Perón to Argentina, after 17 years of absence. The military mounts a strict security operation around the airport, fearing a coup that never happens. Perón's arrival is celebrated with streetside celebrations, and a deal is made to reunite Perón and the leader of the Radical Party, Ricardo Balbín. Cámpora is elected president, and begins to implement policies popular with the youth and military groups. However, this is not the last dictatorship in Argentine history, and Perón is eventually forced to flee the country in a helicopter, amid protests from the public.

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