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In this section of the YouTube video "Why people are so morally divided by economic questions" by Professor Jonathan Haidt, the speaker discusses the growing polarization in American society and its impact on political institutions. He notes that while there were previously relatively few differences based on political beliefs, social status, religion, education, or race, recent political developments have led to significant ideological differences that have contributed to the polarization of American society. The speaker also points out that the polarization of American society has led to a decline in trust in government institutions such as the Supreme Court, Congress, and the President. Finally, the speaker discusses findings from a 1978 survey conducted by the Carter administration that showed less division between Democrats and Republicans on certain issues, but highlights that this division has increased significantly in recent years.
In this talk, Professor Jonathan Haidt discusses the issue of the division of power in the modern political system. He argues that the system of separation of powers in the 18th century, which worked well then, is no longer relevant in today's system. The current system of control by parties of the upper and lower chambers of parliament and the presidency presents some challenges for certain countries, such as Poland. The speaker suggests that the current system may not be sustainable, and change is necessary. He also mentions that the system is elastic and not written in the constitution, and it would be better if the parties moved towards the center where they could attract more voters.