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Stephen Wolfram is a computer scientist and mathematician who has had a long and successful career in various fields. In this video, he discusses his early interest in mathematics and physics, and how this led to his development of calculus and quantum field theory. He also reflects on his experiences as a student and how they prepared him for his later academic successes.

**00:00:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses his career in mathematics, physics, and more with Lawrence Krauss. He talks about his early education and how it shaped his interests in science. He also discusses his mother's background in philosophy and how it led to his interest in science.**00:05:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses his early interest in the future, how his father became a novelist, and how philosophy can be applied to science.**00:10:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses his experiences with mathematics, philosophy, and science, as well as his philosophy around writing. He talks about how he records his keystrokes to keep track of how much he writes, and how he's been able to improve his writing over the years.**00:15:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses his early interest in mathematics, his transition to physics, and his current work on understanding what mathematics is.**00:20:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses his experience working on quantum computing in 1981 and how it was challenging to communicate with Dick Feynman. He also shares a story about Feynman fixing a radio with no tools other than his intuition. Wolfram notes that Feynman was a showman from the beginning, but the difference between him and other showmen is that he had more than just show.**00:25:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses his early interest in physics and how it led to his work in particle physics. He talks about the similarities between his work and statistical mechanics, and how he eventually realized that particle physics was computationally irreducible. He discusses how his work on time and entropy is reflective of this fact.**00:30:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses his early interest in mathematics and physics, and how this led to his development of calculus and quantum field theory.**00:35:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses his experience as a student and how it prepared him for his later academic successes. He also reflects on how his elementary school experience influenced his later work in particle physics and cosmology.**00:40:00**Stephen Wolfram, a computer scientist and mathematician, discusses his upbringing and education in Canada, his decision to attend a prestigious boarding school in England, and the importance of independent thinking.**00:45:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses the importance of self-learning and how it can be difficult for students who are used to excelling in class. He also discusses his experience with transitioning to self-learning and how it can be a challenge.**00:50:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses the importance of asking questions and how this is one of the biggest failings of education in his opinion. He also discusses how he has been teaching this skill to children for years through live streaming.**00:55:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses his early interest in computers and how he eventually created error-correcting code for them.

In the YouTube video "Stephen Wolfram on Math, Philosophy, & More | Stephen Wolfram on The Origins Podcast", Stephen Wolfram discusses the origins of his fascination with computers, how they appealed to him for their own sake, and his first experience using a personal computer. He also discusses his first scientific paper, which was on numerical integrations using a Hewlett-Packard 15C.

**01:00:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses the origins of his fascination with computers, how computers appealed to him for their own sake, and his first experience using a personal computer. He also discusses his first scientific paper, which was on numerical integrations using a Hewlett-Packard 15C.**01:05:00**Stephen Wolfram, a computer scientist and mathematician, talks about how he became a college graduate at a young age, and how he sped up the process by not completing his education at some of the schools he attended. He eventually ended up at Caltech, and earned his degree there in a short amount of time.**01:10:00**Stephen Wolfram talks about the change in his life when he discovered symbolic mathematics and how it revolutionized his field of physics. He talks about his experience building the software system SMP and how it was a key factor in his later work in cellular automata.**01:15:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses his early interest in mathematical physics and how it led him to work on software that can model complex systems. He also discusses his recent work on gage field theory and how it ties in with his earlier work on cellular automata.**01:20:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses the seductive and complex patterns that can be created from simple cellular automata. He also discusses how one can become interested in complex phenomena by focusing on what is regular and what is noise.**01:25:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses the principle of computational equivalence, which states that the sophistication of a computation is equivalent to the complexity of the rules being followed. This in turn leads to the idea of computational irreducibility, which states that the complexity of a system cannot be reduced to simpler parts.**01:30:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses the origins of mathematical concepts and how they are "nailed down" at the mathematician's level. He also discusses how space and time are created from an abstract hypergraph, and how these concepts are related to fluid dynamics. Finally, he talks about the potential for errors in calculations, and how skeptics must be careful to ensure that what they produce is more than what they put in.**01:35:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses the mathematics and philosophy behind his theory of generality and emergence, and how it is being used to create practical applications in physics.**01:40:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses the origins of mathematical physics and discusses the question of why the universe exists as we know it. He suggests that the universe might be a result of a computational model that has been "kind of trained" into us.**01:45:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses the computational irreducibility of the universe and how it allows for the Laws of Physics to be known. He argues that this is why we experience time and reality in a specific way, and why we experience the universe as a collection of moments in time.**01:50:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses how mathematics and physics can be viewed as models that only approximate the real world. He goes on to say that, in his opinion, this is just a more interesting mathematical way of handling physics problems.**01:55:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses the origins of mathematics, quantum gravity, and string theory. He argues that, if both quantum mechanics and gravity are generic features of a theory of quantum gravity, then that theory should be a theory of quantum gravity.

Stephen Wolfram discusses his work on the origins of the universe, the similarities between general relativity and quantum mechanics, and his philosophical question of why this universe and not another exists.

**02:00:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses the similarities between general relativity and quantum mechanics, and how physicists are trying to find new ways to connect the two theories. He says that while progress is being made, there is still much to be discovered in this area.**02:05:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses how his work on mathematics, philosophy, and more has surprised him with the potential applications of these fields in the future. He also talks about his new meta model for multiple threads of time and how it may be applicable to other fields.**02:10:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses his skepticism towards the idea that a physical theory can be derived from first principles, and how this skepticism is similar to the conclusion drawn by some multiverse proponents that there may be no fundamental difference between our universe and a multiverse.**02:15:00**Stephen Wolfram discusses how he believes in induction as a way to deduce what is true about the world, and how he thinks that any claim that induction hasn't reached the end is, in a sense, a theological claim. He speculates that unpacking this question could be interesting.**02:20:00**In today's podcast, Stephen Wolfram discusses his new work on the origins of the universe and how it differs from his earlier work on computer science and mathematics. He also talks about his philosophical question of why this universe and not another exists, and how it's not something he had really thought about until he began to imagine holding a model of the universe in his hand. He thanks his listeners for their patience and shares that he is currently located in Massachusetts.

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