Summary of Movimientos sociales durante el porfiriato

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The video discusses the social movements that took place during the Porfiriato period in Mexico. During this time, workers began to organize in pursuit of better working conditions and wages. One of the most notable strikes during this period was the Cananea strike, which began on June 1, 1906. The miners involved in the strike were eventually pursued and killed by the Mexican military.

  • 00:00:00 During the Porfiriato period in Mexico, there were several social movements due to the decrease in wages for workers, the increase in work hours with low pay, the refusal to pay in cash, and the mistreatment of workers by their bosses. One of the most important strikes during the Porfiriato was the Cananea strike, which began on June 1, 1906, and lasted until the mine was shut down on June 3. The miners' demands included improved working conditions and wages, but the employer, American businessman and patrón, refused to listen. On June 2, 1906, the Mexican military was called in to protect the American business interests, and the miners were pursued and killed. The Cananea strike was a precursor to the Río Blanco strike, which began on February 1, 1907, and also involved American businessmen. In this video, we will discuss the Cananea strike.
  • 00:05:00 During the Porfiriato, social movements were more important than the nation as a whole with hundreds of thousands of workers working there. Conditions on the job were brutal, and workers gradually began organizing various collective actions in pursuit of better conditions. Legislation concerning labor rights increased during the industrial era at the expense of the workers' nonexistent rights. Employers decided to declare a labor strike with the intention of forcing the workers to give up their demands. There were about 1700 textile workers with almost slave-like working conditions, with a daily work day of 15 hours, sunrise to sunrise. The wages were meager, at only 35 cents a day. One notable rule at the company was that if a machine broke down, the worker's salary was deducted. The rules also stipulated the purchase of goods which had to be made at company-approved stores. It was customary to see children as young as 7 working at the company, and they had no right to protest or have days off during holidays. With no job and holidays taken away by the employers, the workers decided to take action. On 7 January 1907, they staged a rebellion at the factories, refusing to enter. 2000 workers joined in, and the rebellion soon spread to other industries. After a few days of fighting,

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