Summary of Historia del Ecuador Pt 1

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This video discusses the history of Ecuador, starting with the arrival of the ancestors and spirits on Earth long before the time. It covers the history of the island, focusing on the role of gold and silver in the culture, and the various señoríos that existed on the island. It also covers the legend of a group of intelligent, ambitious men who arrived from the sea and subdued the quitus. The video finishes with the return of the yumbos and the arrival of the living.

  • 00:00:00 This video discusses the history of Ecuador, starting with the arrival of the ancestors and spirits on Earth long before the time. They infiltrated bodies that travel throughout the planet, and wandering souls arrive, but they no longer know whence they came. They seek out the gods, calling to them with songs. Around the fire, men and women grow and thrive, knowing of a black stone and rare, and using its striking craftsmanship to make weapons and tools. They deftly strike arrows and spears with skill, and hunger is met with anticipation as they do not realize they are the origin of an infinite invention. Over time, the stone is called obsidian and the land sees it spin around the sun many times. Women now germinate like plants, and food is cooked over a fire. Animals continue to arrive, and men find their place on Earth. The wise shaman raises his song to the gods. And the gods heard them, the plant greater than all the mountains brought the maize plants to spread throughout the land. The sacred maize and obsidian emerged from the heights of the Andes and crossed new boundaries. As woman gives fruits to men, life is given to men. Woman is the land, man who fertilizes it.
  • 00:05:00 This video discusses the history and importance of Ecuador's iconic algodón plant. The plant was used to cover the bodies of the ancient míticos (magicians) who summoned divine forces. From the mud they were born, plants brought something more than food: the cotton plant became vital for clothing. Cotton fabrics originated from the cotton plant, and it was the spindle that emerged as the first textile tool. Troubled on land, the early Ecuadorians looked for a way to sail on the seas. They failed to achieve much, despite their attempts with the so-called "caballitos de totora." However, the inquietude continued to drive the desire for exploration, and the shaman became increasingly important as an intermediary between the human and their deities. He uses the power of a flower, the floripondio, to communicate with the gods. He requests a vision to know how to cross the seas. The sun and stars of the night come to the call of the shadows that the great star projects over the land when it passes by the totem. This indicates an exact position and a course over the waters. Well. [Applause] Visionary chamans have long been
  • 00:10:00 The video starts by describing the spondylus princeps, a small, red fish found in the deep ocean. It is small in size and has an exterior that is colorful. It is found at great depths and has a larger, purple calcifer. The calcifer is found at a lesser depth, and through the use of stone houses, they are able to penetrate and create jewelry made from accounts or many. These fish were also recognized as coins and served as a form of currency during their travels. The huancavilcas transported the spondylus from its native land, Langone, to the north, to the Mayas, and to the south, to what is now known as Chile. Across cultures, the spirit of universal brotherhood that governs men is manifested in close alliance with nature. Men seek to approach one another and share their beliefs and objects through this same spirit. Today, these merchants are known as jumbos and are responsible for transporting goods from the mountains to the coast or the jungle, as well as bringing many different products from the place. The carrying of obsidian from the Andes' mines shares the same soil with the sacred shell of the hidden. The female spondylus divinity finds its male counterpart in a
  • 00:15:00 This video tells the story of Ecuador, from its origins to the present day. The video covers the history of the island, focusing on the role of gold and silver in the culture. It also covers the various señoríos that existed on the island and the way they came to form confederations. One of these confederations was the Cañar, and its capital was located at Pila Loma. The video shows how the sacerdotisa and her servants were buried there. The video finishes with the return of the yumbos and the arrival of the living.
  • 00:20:00 This video tells the story of the Ecuadorian people, from the time when they used sacred grains to celebrate a bountiful harvest, to the legend of a group of intelligent, ambitious men who arrived from the sea from the Caracas Bay. These men subjugated the quitus, who lived in a region of the Serranía called Quitó de Esta Unión Surgió Un Nuevo Señorío, and a new lordly realm was born, with men who counted heads, called señoríos, ruling over a fixed site of fairs called tianguis. Merchants came to these fairs to conduct trade, and one of the most important points in the Andes was the tianguis of Tequitos. Here, products from various Ecuadorian regions were found, as well as plants from the Sierra, algodón from the coast, and obsidian from the Frente a la Obsidiana. Tears of the gods flowed in Quito, and gold reigned in Caracas, carried many years in war without being able to defeat its neighbors, which like Karan Chirino had male children, proclaimed his daughter the Princess Tohá as heir, and chose a prince from among
  • 00:25:00 In this video, historian and author David Grann talks about the origins of the Incas and the importance of the Battle of Yahuarcocha. He explains that the Incas were originally from the Andes and that they were very successful in their conquests, expanding their empire all the way to the northern coast of Ecuador. However, they eventually came into conflict with the powerful Caranquis people, and a bloody battle was fought at the lake named Yahuarcocha in which the Incas were ultimately defeated. Pachacuti, the last Inca ruler, was captured and executed by Huayna Cápac, the Caranquis leader. As a result of this battle, the Incas lost much of their territory and were eventually forced to leave Ecuador. Pachacuti's daughter Pacha sewed herself into the Caranquis' clothing and managed to escape alive. She eventually married Cusco's ruler, Huayna Capac, and helped him to conquer even more territory. The Battle of Yahuarcocha is a famous and important event in Inca history, and its memory is still preserved through art and literature.
  • 00:30:00 This video tells the story of how the Incas rose to power in Ecuador. Esmeralda, a burlón woman, and Carmesí, the current queen of Quito, both succeeded to the throne after the death of Princess Toa. To avoid more bloodshed, they used their charms to win over their subjects and marry them. In vintage prison, Esmeralda has refused to speak or eat, remaining firm in her desire until one night, a guard found her dead. The Incas' determination to paint the Incas led to them taking off her skin with a ceremonial drum, which was then sent to the Cusco as proof of her submission. The Incas did not know the written form of the language, but transmitted messages through an ingenious knot system called quipus. Messenger dogs rested along the Inca's route, carrying messages to and from strategic military locations. One of the Inca's goals was to unite the many regions of his empire. This was accomplished by conquering all of South America from Colombia to Chile. The creation of one team within the Andean culture allowed for communication and cooperation between numerous regions, which was essential for the Inca's technological advancements to be unnecessary. The Incas absorbed the knowledge of the

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