Summary of Lípidos: Aspectos generales y clasificación

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This video discusses the general characteristics of liquids, including their composition and classification into two groups (saponifiable and insaponifiable). It also focuses on terpenes and esters, which are two types of liquids that are not capable of being made into soap.

  • 00:00:00 In this video, we discuss liquids and begin with some general characteristics. Liquids are commonly known as fats or oils, and are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Remember that oxygen is present in less quantity because it is oxidized during the production of liquid lipids. Lipids provide 9 kcal per gram, making them the primary reserve of energy in the body. They are also classified into two groups based on the ability to saponify or bonify. Saponified liquids, which contain fatty acids, are susceptible to soap-making reaction in the saponification process. Insaponifiable liquids, which do not contain fatty acids, are not susceptible to the soap-making reaction and are instead called terpenes or esters. We will focus on liquids that can be tonified and discuss the typical structures of carbon-hydrogen-oxygen and fatty-acid chains. We will also discuss terpenes and esters that are capable of being made into soap. Finally, we will review terpenes and esters that are not capable of being made into soap and are called esters.

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