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The video "Ep.18 The Sugar Revolution - CSEC Caribbean History (History Class)" provides an overview of the sugar revolution in the Caribbean in the 17th century. The sugar revolution marked a significant shift from tobacco to sugarcane cultivation and resulted in major changes in land holdings, population, and economic development in the region. The primary factors leading to the sugar revolution include the profitability and ease of growing tobacco, as well as the introduction of West Indian tobacco to Virginia by John Rolfe. The sugar revolution replaced tobacco as the primary cash crop in the West Indies, and the cause of this shift include a decline in tobacco production, increasing demand for sugar, and the suitability of the tropical climate for sugarcane. The sugar revolution had both positive and negative effects on the Caribbean islands, leading to changes in land use, population, social stratification, and the economy.