Summary of Historia de los Derechos Humanos

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The video discusses the history of human rights, beginning with the freeing of slaves in Babylon. It talks about how the idea of human rights spread to Greece, India, and Rome, but was not fully recognized until medieval England. The video then discusses how human rights became a hot topic in the 20th century, with world wars and the fight against Adolf Hitler. Finally, it talks about how human rights are still an important issue today, and how individuals like Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Nelson Mandela have fought for them throughout history.

  • 00:00:00 The video begins by stating that, at the beginning, there were no human rights. If you were with the right people, you were safe. However, after a great decision was made, everything changed. Babylon was conquered and something very revolutionary was announced - all slaves could be freed. Next, Greece was conquered and the idea of human rights was spread quickly. The idea eventually reached India and Rome. They realized that people were still naturally following certain laws even though they weren't told to do so. They called this natural right "natural rights", but it was still not respected. It was not until medieval England that the king agreed that no one could invalidate the rights of the people - even a king of human rights. Slowly but surely, everyone started to agree. However, it was not going to be easy. Two world wars had already been fought and Adolf Hitler was about to be defeated. But, despite all of this, human rights remained a hot topic. International agreements were drafted guaranteeing many rights to everyone in Europe. However, only through Europe did the rest of the world start to recognize them. Gandhi, an Indian lawyer, fought against violence and insisted that everyone had rights. Slowly but surely, everyone
  • 00:05:00 In this video, historian and activist Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. is discussed. He was a proponent of racial equality and human rights, and fought for these causes throughout the late 1960s and 1970s. Nelson Mandela, a political opponent of South Africa's white minority rule, also fought for human rights during this time. Despite being active for over 40 years, Mandela's fight against apartheid ended with his release from prison in 1990. In the 1990s, human rights were still not a widely recognized issue in many countries, but with the help of individuals like King and Mandela, progress was made. Today, human rights are still an important issue, and must be fought for by individuals everywhere.

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