Summary of Literatura española del siglo XVIII

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This YouTube video discusses the literature of Spain during the 18th century. This period was marked by a change in style, with writers focusing more on emotion and sentimentality. One of the most famous authors of this period was Miguel de Cervantes, whose novel Don Quixote is considered to be a classic example of Romantic literature.

  • 00:00:00 This YouTube video covers Spanish literature of the 18th century, discussing the historical context, aesthetic trends, and key works. Afterwards, the video discusses the French Revolution, which is considered to be the beginning of the modern era. Finally, the video discusses the importance of philosophy and the arts in this period.
  • 00:05:00 This video discusses the literature of Spanish literature of the 18th century, which is characterized by rationalism and the supremacy of reason. The empiricist approach, which is the second leg of the Enlightenment, is also discussed. This period of progress in science and art leads to the development of the idea of progress towards future. The three pillars of the Enlightenment- reason, empiricism, and the cult of learning- all contribute to the development of this idea. Not only do people have needs that are basic (such as food and shelter), but also the middle class begins to emerge in this period, which leads to the French Revolution of the 18th century. This video also discusses the Enciclopedia, which is a compilation of all human knowledge at the time. Art and fashion are also discussed in relation to the period.
  • 00:10:00 Spain's literature of the 18th century is characterized by a focus on the order, proportions, and formality of words. This is evident in the pictured door at Alcalá, which are symmetrical and based on medical shapes, in the sense that arches come directly from the Romanesque. These are classical Revival-style capitals and columns, taken directly from Greek architecture. Against the disorder and excess of the Baroque, the 18th century saw the visit of some of Spain's oldest and most famous cathedrals, such as La Seo in Toledo. All of these features are seen in one place on this video, choosing restrained, contained forms in contrast to the overblown, unrestrained style of the time. This is reflected in the type of literature, which is exclusively academic, dealing with well-known facts. This type of essay, called an essay on history, attempts to teach by presenting information in an easy-to-understand form. It also gives rise to moral and political stories, such as fables. This type of government, known as the enlightened despotism of the 18th century, results in a trend called the Age of Enlightenment. This is a time when people began to think for themselves and embrace new ideas
  • 00:15:00 During the eighteenth century, Spain underwent a period of change, with new ideas and trends emerging. One of the most important aspects of this change was the rise of the newspaper, which began to gain popularity in the 18th century. While the eighteenth century was a time of great progress, it also saw the beginning of a period of decadence, with many publications disappearing after achieving some initial success. Two types of publications flourished during this time: the literary and the popular. Literary publications tended to be more analytical, while the popular tended to focus more on entertainment and gossip. The third period, the Romantic era, began in the 18th century and was marked by a return to classical themes and a rejection of Enlightenment values. This period also saw the rise of the essay, which became dominant over any other form of writing.
  • 00:20:00 The Spanish literature of the eighteenth century is characterized by a sudden break with the classical style, which is followed by the Romantic period. The nineteenth century, which is considered to be the "modern" era, is characterized by a return to the classic style. The neoclassical period is characterized by a high level of refinement in language and a predominance of diminutives. Poetry during this period is called "critical" because it was written by the first author to write criticism, Plato, who lived in the fifth century BC. The most important authors of the neoclassical period are poets, novelists, and dramatists. Their works are usually considered to be classics, and they often write about classic subjects such as love, nature, and mythology. The Romantic period is marked by a return to sentimentality and a focus on emotional over rational considerations. This period is also known for the development of illustrated literature. Two of the most important Romantic authors are Miguel de Cervantes and William Shakespeare. Cervantes' novel Don Quixote is a classic example of Romantic literature, and Shakespeare's plays are often considered to be Romanticized versions of classic stories. The nineteenth century is considered to be the "modern" era because
  • 00:25:00 This video discusses Spanish literature of the 18th century, focusing on the works of famous authors such as Cervantes and Adolfo Biécquer. This period saw a change in style, with writers adapting to changing times and trends. Later in the 18th century, Romanticism began to take hold, with writers expressing their emotions in an unrestrained way. One such writer is gustavo adolfo bécquer, whose work is characterized by dark, romantic tales. The video also discusses the phenomenon of fear, which was prevalent in this era, and discusses the transition between Romanticism and the Classical period.

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