Dr. Albert Chavez discusses the different types of malnutrition in Ecuador and how they are evaluated using growth curves. The Ministry of Public Health uses the growth curves developed by WHO to diagnose acute malnutrition, chronic malnutrition, and global malnutrition. Dr. Chavez explains how to interpret and mark points on the various growth curves, including weight for age, weight for length/height, BMI for age, and length for age, and emphasizes the importance of accurate interpretation to identify malnutrition in children. He also discusses the use of growth channels and trend curves in children's check-up records to diagnose potential risks or problems.
In this video, Dr. Albert Chavez explains the diagnosis of malnutrition in children based on weight and height measurements, emphasizing the importance of tracking growth curves and identifying risk factors early on. He provides examples of growth deviations due to illness, metabolic changes, or changes in diet, and discusses the concept of compensatory growth. Dr. Chavez also highlights the different curves to use based on age and sex and notes that weight-for-age alone cannot diagnose overweight or obesity. He concludes by reviewing different types of malnutrition, including acute and chronic forms.