Summary of Crisis del Antiguo Régimen (1788-1814). HISTORIA DE ESPAÑA

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The video discusses the history of Spain during the time of the French Revolution and the War of Independence. It covers how the monarchy was overthrown and how the country was divided into two groups: those who supported the French Revolution and those who were loyal to the old regime. It also discusses how the British army helped the Spanish forces defeat the French in 1812.

  • 00:00:00 In this video, we discuss the crisis of the old regime in Spain. We look at how the French Revolution affected Spain, and how Carlos IV made the decision to appoint Minister Manuel Godoy in 1792. Godoy became a very powerful figure during the rest of the reign of Carlos IV, delegating most of the political action to him. This led to Spain becoming increasingly dependent on France's foreign policy. In 1805, the Spanish navy was defeated by the British fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar, which precipitated the fall of the monarchy and the end of the old alliance with France.
  • 00:05:00 The video discusses the history of Spain during the time period of the French Revolution, which led to the War of Independence. The first major reform Jose implemented was the Statute of Bayona, which granted some rights above absolute monarchy. This led to two opposing groups; one side consisted of those who supported the French Revolution, and the other side was composed of those who were loyal to the old regime and were against reform. In September of 1808, the French invasion was complete, and the popular discontent culminated in the 2nd of May 1808 uprising in Madrid. However, the French troops suppressed the uprising and the following days saw spontaneous uprisings throughout the country. War of Independence had begun. Jose's first actions as king were to create provincial assemblies, known as Juntas Provincias, which assumed sovereignty while he was away on a European trip. In September of 1808, the Juntas Provinciales coordinated and formed the Supreme Junta, which called for the convocation of an Extraordinary Congress. The Congress met in Cadiz in October of 1810 and, within a few months, two opposing groups of deputies had formed. The liberals, inspired by French Revolutionary principles, were in favor of revolutionary reforms.
  • 00:10:00 This video covers the history of Spain during the time of the Peninsular War (1808-1814), which was a war between Spain and France. The Spanish guerrilla force was made up of old Spanish military officers and peasants helped by the British army sent to the peninsula. The British, as you can see, were very supportive of the Spaniards, and were seen as enemies of my enemies being my friends. In 1812, it was a decisive year for the British army led by General Wellington with the support of Spanish and Portuguese troops. They inflicted successive defeats on the French, such as at the Battle of Dátiles or the Battle of San Marcial after the disaster of Napoleon in Russia. In 1813, the French abandoned Spain, and the war of independence had come to an end. very well as you see in this video, about the crisis of the old regime in Spain. For more information on the war of independence, please see the next video.

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