Summary of 😲ENTIENDE 👉 Que es la SINAPSIS NEURONAL y el IMPULSO NERVIOSO 🧠 [FÁCIL] Impulso Nervioso y Sinapsis

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This video provides an explanation of how neurons communicate through synapses, utilizing neurotransmitters and action potentials. As the video discusses the process, it shows how disruptions in this process can lead to neurological symptoms and encourages investment in scientific research.

  • 00:00:00 In this section, the video explains how neurons communicate with each other through a process called synapse. Neurons have dendrites, soma, axon, and a presynaptic terminal. Neurotransmitters are like molecular messages that are sent from one neuron to another. When the neurotransmitters reach the receptor on the dendrites or soma of the next neuron, it causes a change in voltage that leads to the opening of voltage-dependent channels on the axon. This entry of positive molecules leads to further changes in voltage, causing an action potential that is transmitted along the axon. Finally, the presynaptic terminal releases neurotransmitters into the space between neurons, activating the receptors of the next neuron and continuing the process.
  • 00:05:00 In this section, the video explains the process of neuronal communication through synapses, comparing it to a telephone system where information is passed from one neuron to the next through the release of neurotransmitters and the generation of action potentials. The video describes how disruptions in the axon's transmission of the impulse could lead to neurological symptoms of disease. The video concludes by acknowledging the complexity of the neurological process and encouraging investment in scientific research.

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