Summary of Aulas sin fronteras Ciencias Sociales Segundo Bimestre Semana 7 Clase 1 V2

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The Spanish conquistadors were driven by ambition and a desire for gold when they began their conquest of the Americas in 1520. This led them to conquer the empires of the Aztecs and Incas in Central America. The conquistadors were led by Hernán Cortés, who was determined to defeat the Aztecs. After Cortés killed the Aztec leaders and took Montezuma as a prisoner, he ordered his soldiers to retreat. However, the indigenous people killed them. The Spanish conquistadors were not defeated and they founded new cities, such as Guadalajara. Another cruel and violent conquest took place in Peru.

  • 00:00:00 In this video, we learn about the second phase of the Spanish conquest of the Americas, which took place between 1520 and 1536. The conquistadors became almost crazed with ambition as they saw the abundance of wealth there was much, much gold and silver. The fever for gold led them to conquer the empires of the Aztecs and Incas, and Central America. In this phase, the conquistadors became almost completely dependent on one man, named Hernán Cortés. I'll show you from where Cortés sailed to reach the Aztec Empire, from Cuba, and conquer it in 1519. After defeating the Aztec empire, Cortés had to cross a mountain range in Mexico called the Sierra Madre. He arrived at the heart of the empire, Tenochtitlan, in November of 1519. The Aztecs were welcoming and offered Cortés and his men friendship, but Cortés was still determined to conquer them. He chose to attack them militarily, and after killing all the Aztec leaders, took Montezuma as a prisoner. After this victory, Cortés had to cross the remaining mountain range to take control of the Aztec empire. When he arrived at the Lake of Texcoco
  • 00:05:00 Cuauhtémoc, the Aztec emperor, was executed for treason after he had connections with the Spanish Cortes. Seeing that the Aztecs were about to defeat them, he ordered his soldiers to retreat the night of July 30, 1520. However, the indigenous people noticed and killed them. This image is a representation of the night of July 13, 1521, known as the "Night of the Tragedy." Violent battle took place, but the Spanish conquistadors were not defeated. They wanted to continue and founded new cities, such as Guadalajara, which Cortes renamed "New Spain." Another cruel and violent conquest took place in Peru.

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