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In the video "Conceptos básicos de estadística," the speaker provides an introduction to statistics by defining key terms such as population, individual, and sample. The concept of data is also explained, with data points being the responses to questions. The presenter emphasizes the importance of carefully selecting a representative sample to ensure accurate results in a study or poll. Additionally, variables are described as the characteristics or attributes being studied. The video concludes with an invitation to explore more videos on statistics and to subscribe, comment, and share.

**00:00:00**this section, the basics of statistics are explained, starting with the definition of statistics, which is the branch of mathematics that collects and organizes data. The word population is defined as the set of individuals on whom a particular characteristic is being studied. Three examples of populations are given, including the weight of students in a course, the color preference of students at a university, and the voting intentions of a country's citizens. The term individual, also known as the unit of statistics, is each element of the population being studied. The word sample is also introduced as a representative subset of the population, which is only used when the population is very large or when the study cannot be conducted on the entire population.**00:05:00**In this section, the speaker explains the concept of a sample, which is a part of the population that is selected for a study or survey. The speaker gives examples, such as a news poll for the election, and explains that the sample is chosen carefully to represent the population accurately. The concept of data is also explained as being the value obtained from each response to a question, with each response being a data point. In the case of the election poll, the responses for who people plan to vote for are the data. Finally, the speaker provides a visual representation of the population, a sample, and individual data points.**00:10:00**In this section, the presenter explains the basic concepts of statistics, including the definition of data, variables, individuals, and responses. Data refers to any information collected during a study, while variables are the characteristics or attributes being studied. Individuals are the subjects being studied, and their responses to the variables are called data. The presenter invites viewers to check out more videos on statistics on their channel and encourages them to subscribe, comment, and share the video.

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