This video discusses Maxim Gorky's play "The Lower Depths" in detail. The play is set in a cellar in which poor people and criminals live, and it is written 100 years ago. The video discusses the old man, who was called a charlatan by some people. Satin defends him, saying that he lied out of pity for the people he was talking to. He goes on to say that there is a lie that is consoling, reconciling, and is necessary for people to live.