Summary of 1979 el año que cambió todo DW español

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In 1979, a number of significant events took place that would change Spain forever. These include the death of General Franco, the election of Adolfo Suarez as the new leader, and the start of the Iranian Revolution. All of these events had a profound impact on the Spanish people, and would shape the country's future in the years to come.

  • 00:00:00 At the end of the 1970s, the world was in crisis. Millions of people were fighting for their dreams of a better life, with more democracy, more freedom, better wages, and world peace. However, all of these dreams seemed trivial in a world that was captive to a Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. There appeared to be no political alternative to the Soviet or American systems. The Cold War had slowed down the world, and the first signs of a global oil crisis began to occur at the beginning of the Western World's economic recession in the early 1980s. The oil-related consequences were the slowdown of the economy and an unprecedented increase in unemployment. The postwar growth had come to an end. In England, the Labor Party government led by James Callaghan was under pressure not only from the commitments to the international financial institutions, but also from unprecedented strikes that were drowning the country. In Poland, life was marked by the Soviet Union's brutal suppression of a first labor strike in 1970 and by an economic crisis that was paralyzing by the early 1980s. But when Cardinal Wojtyla was elected new pope in Poland in 1978, he managed to keep calm. Only a few days before the end of 1978, China experienced its first
  • 00:05:00 This video recounts the history of the year 1979, which marked a turning point in Spanish history. As the Iranian Revolution unfolded, many Spaniards left their country in protest. The video describes the celebration that took place upon the president's departure, and the celebratory spirit that pervaded the nation. The narrator expresses happiness for the progress the country has made, and for the chance to elect a parliament based on universal suffrage. However, the narrator notes that this is only the beginning. He talks about how people are looking forward to a free country that they have been waiting for for many years. The narrator recalls how, when he was in Tehran, he felt the excitement of the crowd and the sense of solidarity. He expresses his gratitude to the French government for providing safety and freedom of expression to him, and to the people of France for their faith in the prophets.
  • 00:10:00 In 1979, people in Poland didn't have much hope because of the war that had been going on for many years. Communism had been ruling the country for years, and stores were empty. Life was difficult under communism, and people had little hope for the future. During communism, there were very few believers in the system in France. Many more people believed in communism, at least, because here people never get caught up in illusions. This system was never popular, however, and eventually softened over time. In 1979, people in Poland only had two TV stations and all of us were listening to the news at 7 p.m. We knew that it was a communist propaganda machine, so we only listened to one side and thought we were less than half of what we were. Then, suddenly, in the middle of the news, they said that a Polish man had been elected pope. I tuned in and thought, "Wow, a Polish pope! I wonder what the consequences will be." My impression was that in Poland, the Catholic church was not received as the leader of the church, but as just another Polish person who was really successful. We were members of the communist party, but at deep levels we were still Polish. Suddenly, a
  • 00:15:00 In 1979, the British government experienced a winter that was worse than any in its history, nevertheless, it was the endless strikes by public employees that were really damaging the administration of the first Conservative Prime Minister, James Callaghan. His opponent was Margaret Thatcher, who four years earlier had taken control of the Conservative Party and now had the intention of capitalizing on the failure of the Labour Party. If the question is whether the next Conservative government will minimize its control over the lives of people, my answer is that this will not be the case in the parliamentary elections of 1979. Thatcher had everything going her way that winter because, under the Labor Party, there were all those strikes. It was a perfect situation for her to affirm that the country could not continue in such a state. The winter of discontent in 1978 was the culmination of what was known as the British dilemma of trade unions regulated. [Music] The clichés talk about filth in the streets of public employees who didn't clear the garbage, about hospital workers who were on strike facing hospital doors, and sending people back home. This all really happened, and a government that allows something like this never will be re-elected. The most dramatic moment of all was
  • 00:20:00 This video follows the 1979 return of Iranian revolutionary, Ayatollah Khomeini, to Tehran. The British thatcher, Thatcher Instinctively, reacted in a typical British way and was the thoughtful Thatcher carrying a long time to pass to the first and be able to approach the second had to learn it Her unfinished class was her incapacity to see that the society is not composed exclusively of successful people, there is a 20-30% of people who will not be happy with their job and will not be able to manage their lives in a way that they need the help of a generous society to the less fortunate This is her weakness The answer is to encourage them to work harder and they will do so, and then they will do it and we will be in the same condition as before, a nation at the front line of the first line You do not have to wait for a better life to vote for one In his return to Qom, young and full of ambition, he was greeted by millions of people from all walks of life Some of them were religious, but it is important to remember that many of them came for what he had promised them - a democracy To me, it was a
  • 00:25:00 This video, which is subtitled "1979: The Year That Changed Everything DW Spanish," charts the history of the Iranian Revolution and its impact on Spanish women. The narrator recalls that, on March 8th, 1979, International Women's Day, women participated in nationwide demonstrations to demand their right to wear the veil without fear of retribution from the government. At the time, many people believed that the women's veil would be a mere symbol of equality between men and women, and that they would eventually win the battle against the Iranian regime. However, on the night of March 8th, 1979, a group of armed men stormed the protests, injuring and even raping many women. This event kickstarted the women's fight for full liberation, and since then, they have protested for more freedom and equality, both within Iran and beyond.
  • 00:30:00 In 1979, the year that changed everything for DW Spanish, Juan Pablo II visited his home country, Poland. He knew this second trip would be quite delicate, not just as the leader of the Catholic Church but also as a politician to lead the church in the recovery of European countries still under Soviet control. At the time, the church in Poland was not a religious institution, but an independent national institution, independent of the party. I would say that many people did not go to church necessarily because they were believers, but also expressed their attitude towards the system and also the role of tradition with attempts by the Communist party in Poland to suppress the church and for a time, had some success. In socialism, the political dominance of the economy and secret police was based. A group of people, most of whom were priests, left early in the morning for Warsaw, arriving in the city around 7 a.m. that day. I met that plaza before, back then it was called Victory Square. At first, I thought it was very big. It was an ecstatic or people were very content. It was something that never happened before and I cannot imagine what would have happened if the father had visited an independent country. He would not have been received with such an overwhelming warmth
  • 00:35:00 In 1979, Spain changed with the election of the Socialist Prime Minister, José María Aznar. This video, filmed in Poland during a visit by Pope John Paul II, highlights the differences between communism and Christianity, and the importance of solidarity between nations. The video also speaks of the Pope's hope for Europe, and his belief that communism would eventually collapse.
  • 00:40:00 In 1979, Spain changed forever with the death of General Francisco Franco. The new leader, Adolfo Suárez, instituted a number of radical changes, including the introduction of capitalism. However, he didn't have a clear path for implementing it, which is why DW eventually decided to privatize. There is a long period of "political exceptionalism" (a term used to describe the willingness of the public to wait longer for changes than usual) before the people are ready for more drastic changes. However, this period cannot last more than one year, max. In 1979, DW's first conversation with Polish President Lech Walesa was by phone, and Walesa told him that he was responsible for the Spanish economy and that he would carry out the change. DW understood that this would require a tough hand, so they moved quickly to get support from the working class. Adolfo Suárez's father played a later, positive role. He acted as a go-between, trying to get support from leaders such as his father, in order to avoid their criticism. Despite the obstacles, DW remained critical, and the efforts paid off.

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