Summary of 《Documental》;"Los Dioses de la Mitología Griega"

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This documentary explores the origins and roles of the Greek gods in ancient Greece. It covers the different powers and personalities of the gods, their interactions with humans, and their relationships with each other. The documentary also discusses the belief that humans had free will and that there was no predetermined destiny.

  • 00:00:00 The documentary, "Documental," follows the history of the Greek gods, from their origins in ancient Greece to their present-day popularity. The gods are portrayed as powerful figures with different powers and personalities, who have influenced the course of history for centuries. Some of the most memorable stories about the gods come from their interactions with humans. For example, athena, goddess of wisdom and warfare, was born from Zeus' head wound. Apolo, god of the sun and music, was once a reckless young man, but later became a wise and benevolent deity. The documentary also covers the gods' relationships with one another and their interactions with humans.
  • 00:05:00 The gods of Greek mythology had such a diversity that they don't resemble any other gods in the Mediterranean basin. They incorporated elements from many different cultures and don't correspond to those of their own religions, say, from the Celts or Italian culture. These stories were transmitted orally, but sometime in the mid-seventh century BC, they were collected and written down. Although scholars debate who participated in this effort, the majority of scholars agree that it was the work of one or several authors. The crystallization of Greek mythology occurred around the time of Homer in the year 750 BC. From Christus Wef and with Homer, we find the creation of Greek mythology and the gods. Homer gave his gods to the Greeks, giving them something resembling a Bible that the Greeks had. In the beginning, Homer was ocean. There was a spirit with the form of a great river that ran circular and endless and entered itself. There was another presence known as Tetis sometimes called the First Mother. When finally they united, they began the lineage that would eventually produce the gods and goddesses of the ancient Greeks. Some fifty years after Homer, the poet of pseudo-writing wrote the teogony, in which he also describes
  • 00:10:00 In this video, the origins of Greek gods are discussed. Zeus, the king of the gods, saves his brothers and sisters from their abusive father. The gods and goddesses of Olympus fight for control of the world against each other. Eventually, Zeus becomes the ruler of the cosmos. Human beings first appeared on earth in this period. Afterwards, the biblical story of creation is recounted. In the Hebrew Bible, God descends to earth and walks in the garden during the afternoon when it is cool. This is possibly the first time humans were considered significant in the pantheon of gods. Greek culture was focused on the human experience, and the development of human history is introduced in the story of Homer. One of the first things humans do is create art. In Greek mythology, it is only after the gods and goddesses settle in Mount Olympus that human history begins to take shape. While Greek gods were considered powerful and important, they were still divine beings who existed on a different level from humans. Humans were considered insignificant in comparison to the gods. It was only in the development of Greek culture that humans began to be considered important in their own right. The biblical story of creation is a later addition to the Greek pantheon. In the Judeo-Christian tradition
  • 00:15:00 The video discusses the different Greek deities and their roles in the creation of the human race. The deities were considered to be less important than the humans and their role in the cosmos was often given a secondary or tertiary position. This might be due to the Greeks' belief that humans had always existed and were so important that there never existed an era in which they did not exist. This remains a mystery to this day. The myth of the creation of humans in the Greek tradition reflects a certain understanding of the place of humans in the world. While they are not the center of things, humans do have a profusion of roles to play in the creation of the universe. This contrasts sharply with many other cultures and belief systems in which humans play a central role in the creation of the universe from the beginning. The disappearance of the 'golden' race of humans in the Greek mythology has no clear explanation. While this topic is explored in the Bible, there is no clear answer as to why this race would disappear. The system of beliefs in ancient Greece in which humans and their creation were not a concern suggests that there may not be a good explanation for why humans have problems today.
  • 00:20:00 In the Greco-Roman world, there were a variety of gods and goddesses who had different attitudes toward warfare, civic duty, and cooperating with each other. Interestingly, all of these stories can be explained by the creation of only half of the human race, man. The first woman was sent to earth as a punishment to humanity for this misandry. This sounds incredibly sexist, and it was a story that was inconceivable for Hesiod to tell in 700 BCE. However, he does tell the story of one of the gods,Prometheus, who tricks Zeus into giving him a box filled with evils - including disease, pain, and famine - which he then spreads throughout the world. Pandora's hope is in the box, which allows humans to act with the false sense of control that comes with evil. Greco-Roman mythology often explores the tension between hope and fear, as well as the dichotomy of good and evil. This is something that is explored in Pandora's box, where hope is seen as a dangerous thing because it allows humans to act deceitfully.
  • 00:25:00 The documentary, "Los Dioses de la Mitología Griega," examines the negative portrayal of women in Greek mythology, specifically goddess Afrodita, who is often seen as the goddess of love and sex. Some scholars argue that this disrespect of women has a deeper meaning, pointing to Afrodita's role as the goddess of childbirth in mythology. The video also explores the ancient Greeks' belief that having a goddess without a sexual role was a great strength in the war against evil. These concepts are still relevant to modern day civilizations, with goddesses and gods being prominently featured in everyday Greek life.
  • 00:30:00 In ancient Greece, the gods were believed to be responsible for everything from the hardships of life to the personal difficulties of individuals. In some cases, the difficulties were explained as the result of some divine insult, with those who offended the gods punished rather than by earthly authorities. There is a Greek word, "dícesis," which means "fear of the gods," or "respect for the gods." In ancient Greece, this was a positive attribute because life was considered precarious and people needed to do everything they could to put the gods' power on their side in order to keep themselves safe. Many people lived barely above subsistence level due to periodic famines. If one could not play with the world as it was, one of the things that fascinated ancient Greeks about Greek mythology was that no one ever escaped from the grip of destiny. The gods never said anything happened because the gods made it happen--it was our own fault if we couldn't understand why things were the way they were. In a difficult world, people often look for heroes, someone who will rescue them from a life full of difficulties. In ancient Greece, this was especially the case for children, born of a god and a mortal. Heracles, better known as Hercules, may have been one
  • 00:35:00 This documentary discusses the Greek gods, specifically Heracles, who was granted immortality and taken to live with his father Zeus in the Mount Olympus. It tells the story of how Christianity spread in Greece through the exploits of Heracles, who is exceptional, but not unique, among the many heroes who walked between the mortal and divine worlds. Other heroes discussed in the documentary include Achilles and Ulysses, who are known for their great deeds in the Trojan War and the siege of Troy, respectively.
  • 00:40:00 In this video, three goddesses associated with fate in ancient Greece are discussed: Klotho, Kera, and Thanatos. Klotho is the goddess of fate, who determines the length and course of a person's life; Kera is the goddess of childbirth, who determines the sex and fertility of a person; and Thanatos is the god of death, who marks the end of a person's life. The documentary also discusses the ancient Greeks' belief that humans had free will and that there was no predetermined destiny. The documentary also explores the ancient Greeks' complex relationship with their gods, which included both fear and acceptance.

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