Summary of La Conquista de Perú y Francisco Pizarro [El imperio americano Ep.04] - Bully Magnets - Documental

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00:00:00 - 00:15:00

This section of the Bully Magnet documentary focuses on the conquest of Peru and the role of Francisco Pizarro. It explores the political and military context of the Inca Empire, the arrival of Pizarro with his well-organized army, and the eventual capture and execution of Inca Emperor Atahualpa. The narrative also sheds light on the power struggles between the conquistadors themselves, with the arrival of Diego de Almagro and the clash with the Pizarro faction. The arrival of the first Viceroy of Peru led to further opposition from the conquistadors, and the situation of rebellion was critical until the envoy Pedro de Gasca bought the loyalty of the traitors of the crown. Although Spanish power was consolidated through the reduction of indigenous populations into strategically located cities, the mistreatment of them continued.

  • 00:00:00 In this section, the history of the Inca Empire is explored. The Inca Empire was the largest territorial empire in the Americas and was ruled by a noble family known as the Inca. The capital city of Cusco was the center for the Inca's political and ceremonial activities. The empire also engaged in military conquests to expand its influence, and to establish control over the populations, they would displace them, a practice known as the Smith Mark. In the early 16th century, the empire faced political turmoil with the death of Huayna Capac and the ensuing power struggle between his sons Huascar and Atahualpa. Several expeditions, including those of Pascual de Arango and Francisco Pizarro, were made to conquer the Inca Empire but with little success until Pizarro received permission from the Crown of Castilla in 1529 through a document known as the Capitulación de Toledo.
  • 00:05:00 In this section, we learn about the arrival of Francisco Pizarro in Peru with a well-organized military group, resources from the Crown, and tactical preparation in search of conquest. Pizarro invited the Inca Emperor Atahualpa to a meeting, which was initially cordial, but quickly turned sour when Atahualpa was presented with a Bible, which he refused to touch. Pizarro took advantage of the situation and captured Atahualpa, eventually executing him and ending the Inca dynasty. Pizarro named Manco Capac II as his puppet Inca and used him as a formality to take control of Cusco, organizing a new army of indigenous people. However, Manco Capac II eventually escaped and organized the first resistance against Pizarro.
  • 00:10:00 In this section, the video explores the power struggles between the conquistadors and the conflicts that arose within their own ranks. After Pizarro founded the city of Cusco, another conquistador, Diego de Almagro, arrived in Peru and claimed ownership over the land of Lima and Cusco. This sparked a series of disputes and divisions among indigenous groups, with some supporting Almagro and others supporting Pizarro. Ultimately, Almagro took control of Cusco but was later defeated and executed by the Pizarro faction. The arrival of the first Viceroy of Peru, Blasco Núñez de Vela, further clashed with the conquistadors' desire to maintain their power and wealth. They refused to obey the new laws put forth by the Viceroy, leading to his imprisonment and escape. The power struggle eventually came to a head with the Pizarro faction's violent treatment of the Viceroy, demonstrating the conquistadors' disregard for authority and the law.
  • 00:15:00 In this section of the video, the focus is on the conquest of Peru and Francisco Pizarro. The situation of rebellion was critical for the crown as Gonzalo Pizarro was in open rebellion against the crown of Castilla in 1547. The envoy sent to resolve the crisis was Pedro de Gasca, a diplomatic priest and expert negotiator who bought the loyalty of the traitors of the crown through tactics of persuasion. In April 1548, the final confrontation took place at the Battle of Huanuco, where the rebel troops abandoned Gonzalo Pizarro, and he and his men were beheaded and their heads put on public display in cages. Although the conflict between the Spaniards ended, it did not improve the conditions of the indigenous people as the encomienda system and the mistreatment of them continued. The consolidation of Spanish power was achieved through the reduction of indigenous populations into strategically located cities.

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