This video introduces the concept of corporate finance as any decision that involves the use of money and outlines objectives for the 36-session course, including providing tools and methods, showing how they work together and that corporate finance can be enjoyable. The three principles that govern corporate finance are discussed, including investment, financing, and dividend principles. Additionally, the speaker emphasizes the importance of establishing first principles in corporate finance, applying them to real companies, and avoiding violating them. Six companies were chosen to illustrate the principles of corporate finance throughout the course. The speaker provides a roadmap of the topics to be covered, including investment principles, financing principles, and dividend principles.