The Epic of Gilgamesh is an ancient poem that tells the story of Gilgamesh, a king who goes on a journey to find immortality. Along the way, he learns about the human condition and the inevitability of death. The poem has been passed down through the ages and has been discovered in various forms, including a tablet from the 18th century BC.
This lecture by Andrew George discusses the Epic of Gilgamesh, a long and complex poem that tells the story of a king who conquers and then loses an epic battle. George suggests that the poem is intended to criticize divine kingship, and that Gilgamesh's quest for immortality is a continuation of his tradition as an "imperial figure."