Summary of Hypertension- causes, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, pathology

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Hypertension is a common problem that is caused by a variety of factors. Lifestyle changes are the first line of treatment, but in some cases, medication may also be necessary.

  • 00:00:00 High blood pressure is a common problem and affects billions of people around the world. It's typically represented by two numbers, the top number being the systolic blood pressure (the arterial pressure when the heart's contracting) and the lower number being the diastolic blood pressure (the arterial pressure when the heart's relaxing or refilling). Most of the time, blood pressure is taken in the brachial artery in your upper arm because of the pressure's high there. However, elevated systolic blood pressure is considered between 120 and 129 millimeters of mercury and less than 80 millimeters of mercury in the diastolic side, stage 1 hypertension is between 130 and 139 millimeters of mercury on the systolic side and between 80 and 89 millimeters of mercury on the diastolic side, stage 2 hypertension is defined as anything that's 140 millimeters of mercury or higher on the systolic side and 90 millimeters of mercury are higher on the diastolic side. Primary hypertension is when pressure in the artery starts to silently creep up over time, and there are a variety of risk factors that can lead to primary hypertension, including old age, obesity, salt heavy diets and sedentary lifestyles. However, about 10 percent of the time
  • 00:05:00 This video explains the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of hypertension. Lifestyle changes, such as changes to the diet, exercise, and stress, are the first line of treatment. There are a variety of anti-hypertensive medications that might be given in some cases.

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