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The water problem in Tacna, Peru is caused by a lack of water processing ability and by conflict between formalized and unformalized water users.

  • 00:00:00 Tacna is a region in southern Peru, where water availability is becoming increasingly scarce due to a systematic review of water-related events in the study area. We determined that we are facing not only aridity and climate change problems, but also social problems related to water conflicts and water-use violations according to what they stipulate for their location near the Pacific Ocean. Our rivers in the region form part of the Pacific Ocean's continental slope, but also flow along the altiplano, a characteristic of the rivers in our region. The short flow, irregular regime, and torrential behavior in summer are among the main characteristics of our region's rivers. The main rivers in our region are the Locumba River, which originates in Candarave and flows eastward to Oceania, comprometting the spaces of candarave and Jorge Basadre's Jorge River, which originates in the province of Tarata and flows southward, crossing the districts of Enqelab and Sama before discharging into the Pacific Ocean. The Caprina River, which originates in the rellenos of the Barroso Nevado in the province of Tacna, flows parallel to the Pedro de Valdivia Irrigation System until exiting national territory
  • 00:05:00 Tacna, in southern Peru, only has the ability to process 600 liters per second, but the real need is at least double that. In response to the agobizing water problem, local authorities in coordination with national water authority approved proposals for re-use of water residuals from shale drilling, action to build hydraulic barriers, and integrated water solution for Tacna's water shortage. Conflict between formalized and unformalized water users is compromising socio-environmental development in Tacna. The problem is exacerbated by the fact that the water supply from subterranean resources in the coastal zone of our region is called "the arrival of the poles" and is able to cover population's water needs and irrigation needs. Since 2006, Tacna has been the entity responsible for solving the water problem in Tacna. In the development of the Vilavilani 2 project, which requires the construction of a canal, the use of organic tools such as the chata has helped Palca, which wants to transfer water from highlands to the capital, to conflict with the agricultural communities in the lower part of the region. The population in the zone of influence of the project believes that the work will affect rural communities and pasture

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