Summary of Sociología - Estratificación Social

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Sociology discusses the concept of stratification, or the hierarchical division of society into different levels of status. This video covers the different types of stratification that exist, such as slavery, the caste system, and working-class positions. It also discusses how stratification is changing in contemporary times and the trend towards a more egalitarian society.

  • 00:00:00 Sociology discusses stratification and its various forms, such as economic, social, and political. Marcelo Manes discusses the concept of stratification in relation to the 5th unit of Sociology, which focuses on the differences between individuals occupying certain social positions.
  • 00:05:00 Sociology discusses stratification, or the hierarchical division of society into different levels of status. This video covers the concept of estratification from a general standpoint, and then looks at the different types of stratification that exist in the present day. One example is slavery, which is now illegal. Another is the caste system in India, where people are divided based on their race and ancestry. Finally, the video discusses the importance of working-class positions in today's society and how they are changing.
  • 00:10:00 Sociology is the study of the distribution and hierarchy of social classes and groups in society. One of the main ideas behind sociology is that there is a religious belief that humans are divided into social classes and areas according to their ability. This social stratification system is passed down from ancestors and there is no social mobility. formal aspects of stratification systems can be seen in terms of inheritance, which gives people a place in society based on their family's social system. This social stratification system is centralized, with feudalism as its main axis. There are three social strata in this system: the nobility, the clergy, and the peasantry. These strata were based on inheritance and were not related to occupation. However, in industrial and post-industrial societies, social stratification is based on occupational abilities. This system is known as "job-based social stratification". Occupations are now more horizontal and decentralized, with more opportunity for everyone to move up or down the social ladder. Social stratification is acquired by individuals, rather than being inherited. This trend has led to the development of a more egalitarian society, where social stratification is less visible. The authors discuss the theory of social stratification in theoretical terms, and discuss how
  • 00:15:00 Sociology discusses stratification in terms of economic, social, and cultural factors. Marx, one of the most prominent sociologists, focused on the role of economic factors in stratification. He proposed that there are two social classes, the "rich" and "poor," and that these classes are based on wealth and occupation. He also argued that there is a "class struggle," a conflict between these two social classes. In contemporary times, another author, parking, has a more expansive view of stratification, seeing it as a result of control over physical resources (such as land and capital). Groups try to maintain control over these resources by establishing barriers to entry.
  • 00:20:00 Sociology is the study of the structure and behavior of societies. It examines the mechanisms and consequences of social stratification, mobility, and exclusion. In this video, Parking discusses the concepts of social exclusion and social closure. He discusses how social closure occurs when certain classes of people are not able to access certain resources due to social boundaries. Two key concepts are important when discussing social exclusion: the usurpation and exclusion social. When we talk about social exclusion, we always have to keep in mind the boundary or limit that defines who can access which classes of social things. There are people who are inside of these boundaries and there are others who are outside of the boundaries. We see this clearly in the case of parking closures, where the closure is defined by the owners of the production factors or certain goods and services. They use this to exclude socialally those who cannot obtain them by putting the price very high or what we call today the right of admission into certain places to be able to enter certain people. These closures of certain neighborhoods, such as the ghettos, are examples of social exclusion. People who are excluded often resort to theft and usurpation in order to acquire certain resources that they cannot ordinarily obtain. This is why deprivation is often a motivator for such acts
  • 00:25:00 Sociology considers stratification to be a process of distributing people into different social classes based on their inherited or natural abilities. For example, a father who is a doctor might have a son who is a doctor, and so on. This stratification can occur generationally, with father passing down his medical abilities to his son, and so on. Another example would be a family of parents, each with a different occupation, such as a father who is a doctor, a mother who is a nurse, and a child who is a school teacher. Stratification can also occur based on age, sex, and education. Societies often have different economic conditions, which can also affect someone's social class.

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