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The video discusses the idea that the power to make laws and govern originally lies with the individual. It argues that society and the state are constructs created by groups of individuals, and that they are not necessary. The video suggests that people can live in a more participatory democracy with the use of technology.

  • 00:00:00 In this video, Aristotle discusses the origin of power. He argues that it is not a matter of philosophy, but rather a political issue. He states that the state is an association of people who have agreed to live together in order to achieve a common goal. This video covers a topic that is of interest to many, as it gives a historical overview of the development of political thought.
  • 00:05:00 The video discusses the origins of power, discussing how human beings arrived on Earth and how they lived in a state where they were ruled by a polis. Tomás de Aquino, a 13th-century philosopher, is said to have argued that the human being is first and foremost a social animal, influenced by their Christian beliefs and desire for government limited to the people. Later, as political and social concepts began to be developed, it was evident that they were rooted in philosophical speculation rather than practical reality. Today, no single idea comes to mind in isolation, but rather is a mixture of both rational and speculative philosophy. However, one must attempt to approach true reality without imposing it, as it is all highly opinionated. For example, in the political realm, one can see the natural tendency of society to turn into politics. However, it is also clear that a specific pact was made between the people and their government – the government would serve the people while the people would keep the government in check. This pact was first made by the Spanish monarchy in the 15th century, and subsequently fell out of use after the monarchy was overthrown. After briefly discussing the difference between power and authority, the video moves on to discuss how people think today. It argues that
  • 00:10:00 In this video, Professor Fuster discusses the origins of power and how it can be understood in terms of the social interactions within a family, small group, and in the larger political world. He argues that in ancient times, power was not solely based on being a ruler or having military might, but rather on being able to successfully negotiate and form alliances with others. He goes on to say that while this type of power is still present in some ways, it is slowly being replaced by a more rational form of politics, which is based more on agreements and consensus rather than force.
  • 00:15:00 The video discusses the idea of human autonomy, and how it has been achieved in scale. It then moves on to state and base ideas, which are both natural to humans. The two tendencies, political and social, are seen as parallel, but political has a higher rank than social. The reality is that politics, as we know it, is not limited to the state as we know it today. There are many types of political organizations, public and private, and organizations such as governments and states. We are completely used to the existence of one public organization, the state, and that is not always the case. The Roman empire was divided into two parts, the state on one side, and feudal lords on the other. This all came together to give rise to the modern state. However, this is not always how it has been. Human autonomy is innate, and manifests itself in different ways depending on the time and place. For example, in ancient Greece, human autonomy was expressed through the polis. This is a type of political community in which all members participate. It is also democratic, which is not the case with modern political parties. What is common to all of these forms is that individuals are equal in dignity. After describing these ontological and odont
  • 00:20:00 The video discusses the origins of power, and how, historically, most political organizations have at one point or another created treaties. These agreements create what is known as "states united by North America" and date back to, for example, the pact to finance the war. This is a real historical pact, and almost all political organizations have had some moment in which they create a pact or later create a constitution which states: "A Constitution for the Argentina of the colonies." Our Constitution says that "the Constitution is the realization of preexisting treaties." This is the great pact that ties us all around the Argentine state. It could take another form, politics, if we really understand historically how this process has been going. The globalization process has given us the opportunity to create forms of political praxis that are more political than dialogical, and more committed to the good than simply winning votes. We have spoken about "councils" before, but let's be honest--they are nothing more than a disguised form of totalitarianism. One aspect of freedom that is emphasized in the video is the natural need of families to be together--whether it is called "Plato's Cave," "Hippie-style," or "for all men and
  • 00:25:00 According to the author, the form of organization that coexists there at the medium with the state with ecology The economy, too, does not tell me that it is today so clearly under the political Neither does it want it to disappear, but because political limits the purely individualistic realm I will end this with a thought on water by Bauman We are not going to always speak about society and land, even though they are interesting books of which I am not always aware of what they do not talk about in terms of liquidity between us the peine of morality that is spectacular the modern moral perspective is spectacular, and then it is called in search of politics those who are found in all books we less those who are liquids because they tend to be liquid because they were sold many and then there needs to be a lowering of many levels of what is said in which he says it in Greece There was a space called the family which was called the el hoy with logical and there was an intermediate space that is properly political, the church the key space an intermedio that elaborates us ourselves water put a political space
  • 00:30:00 The video discusses the idea that the power to make laws and govern is originally with the individual, not with any external entity. It also discusses the idea that society and the state are both constructs, built by groups of individuals. Ultimately, the video argues that society and the state are not necessary, and that people can live in a more participatory democracy with the use of technology.
  • 00:35:00 In this video, Paulo Freire discusses how social and political institutions are shaped by the era in which they exist. He says that in participatory budgets, for example, real participation is the most important factor. He also points out that there will always be some form of organized structure larger than the individual, as the economic system depends on it. In the private sphere, this organizaton is usually the responsibility of the private sector, not the government. However, in the public sphere, it should be the responsibility of everyone. Freire leaves the audience with the idea that we need to return to the public sphere in order to have a better society.

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