Summary of EL LAZARILLO DE TORMES: Resumen de cada tratadoǀ Análisis y género literarioǀ Citas más importantes

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"El Lazarillo de Tormes," an anonymous novel that belongs to the picaresque genre, follows Lázaro, the main character, a "pícaro" from a lower social class, as he struggles to survive and faces societal criticism. The book is divided into seven chapters or "tratados," and the speaker summarizes each of them. In this video section, Lázaro's encounters with a cruel and abusive blind man, a stingy priest, and a poor nobleman are discussed. The video also summarizes the fourth and fifth chapters of the novel, which were censored during the 16th century. Overall, "El Lazarillo de Tormes" is a tragedy that follows Lázaro's constant struggle for food and the marital issues he faces later in life.

  • 00:00:00 In this section, the speaker provides an introduction to "El Lazarillo de Tormes", an anonymous novel that belongs to the picaresque genre. The main character, Lázaro, is a "pícaro" from a lower social class who struggles to survive and faces societal criticism. The novel's authorship is uncertain, and the story is told from Lázaro's perspective but written in a style that raises questions about its authenticity. The book is divided into seven chapters or "tratados," and the first chapter tells the story of Lázaro's impoverished childhood and his mother's struggle to provide for him and his younger brother. After his mother's death, Lázaro is taken in by a cruel and abusive blind man, with whom he learns how to survive on the streets, enduring hunger and hardships.
  • 00:05:00 In this section, we see Lázaro's encounters with a blind man who takes him as his servant. Lázaro learns to be cunning and deceives the blind man by making a hole in the wine barrel to drink from it. Lázaro also steals food from the blind man, including a longaniza. When caught, Lázaro is beaten by the blind man, and he decides to leave. He later meets a stingy priest who does not feed him properly. The priest even instructs Lázaro to sell items to raise money for food. Eventually, Lázaro decides to leave, and this leads to the next part of the story.
  • 00:10:00 In this section, we see the struggles that Lázaro faces with the cruel clérigo who never shared any food with him and ate all the good parts, leaving Lázaro with just bones. He was so hungry that he had to sneak in some bread from the clérigo's arca while trying to pretend it was the rats that ate it. However, the clérigo eventually found out, assumed it was a snake and beat Lázaro until he was unconscious. After being evicted by the clérigo, Lázaro met the escudero who, despite being a nobleman, was very poor and made Lázaro do the work of finding food.
  • 00:15:00 In this section of the video, the YouTuber summarizes the fourth and fifth chapters of "El Lazarillo de Tormes", which were censored during the 16th century. In these chapters, Lázaro departs from the scoundrel he was living with and proceeds to live with a friar and a papal indulgence seller. Lázaro enjoys better meals with the papal indulgence seller, but soon discovers that the indulgence seller is actually a con artist who tricks people into believing that he can perform miracles. Eventually, Lázaro leaves the indulgence seller to work for the chaplain, selling water in the town. By the end of the story, Lázaro returns to his hometown, marries a woman, and becomes a proclaimer of wines. However, there are rumors that his wife is having an affair with the chaplain.
  • 00:20:00 In this section, Lázaro in his letter to "vuestra merced" mentions that he ignores rumors about his wife's infidelity because the last time he confronted her, she became sad. The letter ends with Lázaro stating that he has peace and prosperity now that he is no longer suffering from hunger, but his new struggle is with his wife. Overall, Lázaro's life was a tragedy as he constantly suffered for food and then had to deal with marital issues. The video summarizes the story of "El Lazarillo de Tormes" and encourages viewers to subscribe and support the channel.

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