Summary of El proyecto educativo de la Revolución Mexicana

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The video discusses the educational project of the Mexican Revolution, which was based on the idea that teachers and students should respect and care for their teachers, and that schools should advance. Doctor García Diego says that Vasconcelos wanted to create a truly universal culture and believed that a mixed-race Mexican was the ideal candidate to lead it.

  • 00:00:00 The educative project of the Mexican Revolution is discussed in this video, in which representatives of the sum movement talk about the 1917 Constitution, free education, and religious schools being prohibited from teaching primary and secondary education. Vasconcelos, an intellectual and one of Mexico's most popular writers, is also mentioned.
  • 00:05:00 Emmanuel Carballo, a renowned Mexican historian, philosopher, and educator, was born in 1874. He was a major figure in the Mexican Revolution and is best known for his work on education, which he saw as essential for the poor and urban classes, as well as for his modernization of the teaching profession. His project educativo, which sought to equalize education across socioeconomic boundaries, was groundbreaking at the time and has been largely continued by subsequent Mexican governments. Carballo died in 1959 at the age of 76.
  • 00:10:00 The Mexican Revolution had a significant impact on education, with particular emphasis on cultural and educational reform. One of the leaders of the educational revolution was Vasconcelos, who was a young educator and secretary of public instruction at age 40. He had 39 to 40 years of experience at the time of his death. Today, we are going to hear from three of Vasconcelos' intellectual descendants: the maestro, Mar de la Rosa López, the maestra, Mónica Adriana Vasconcelos Ramírez, and the doctor, Benito Bien Nemenyer. Vasconcelos' grandson, Omar de la Rosa, will also participate. The maestro, Omar de la Rosa López, will begin the discussion. He will talk about Vasconcelos' life and work. After the presentation, we will open the floor to questions from the audience.
  • 00:15:00 The educational project of the Mexican Revolution is summarized briefly with a historical comparison of Mexican educational projects. The main characters and events that helped create and structure Mexican educational systems are identified. Four thesis are presented: the first states that, in the 19th century, Mexico underwent political and economic consolidation, which led to the development of educational projects that, despite good intentions, were not able to be realized or completed. The second thesis is that educational policies during the Mexican Revolution were more focused on political and ideological principles than social and pedagogical ones. The third thesis is that Mexican education prior to the Revolution was focused on solidifying a robust and fertile educational system, but that after the French Intervention in 1821, positivism began to influence Mexican educational policies. The fourth thesis is that, up until the writing of the Mexican Constitution, education was focused on developing the nation in a positivist way. However, after the Revolution, education became focused on social and pedagogical ideals. This would be a major achievement for Mexican educators and politicians during the Revolutionary period, and would be demonstrated by the inclusion of working class and popular students in educational priorities during the missions of José Vasconcelos.
  • 00:20:00 In 1917, Doctor Miñez talked about the educational project of the Mexican Revolution. The document mentions that the revolutionary movement is based on socio-political reasons, but also has a educational basis. I believe we can understand it better by dividing it into two periods: the red period, which covers the time Mexico became a recognized sovereign country up to the arrival of the French in 1864, and the green period, which covers the time Mexico was under French rule. Within the red period, there are three notable moments in Mexican education: the founding of the Lancasterian school company in 1823, the establishment of the national primary school system in 1842-45, and the closing of the company in 1890. Within the green period, we have the establishment of the Republic's first educational reform, the promulgation of the Constitution of 1824, and the founding of the University of Mexico in 1557. Though it was subject to religious control, the university was still quite liberal in terms of its political ideas. The first Mexican Constitution, adopted in 1824, was quite liberal in terms of its educational ideas. However, this reform remained only in a plan stage until 1833, when Valentín Gómez Farías, as Vice President, led the reform
  • 00:25:00 In 1834, the Mexican Revolution ended with a decree that reopened the university and allowed for the teaching of subjects previously excluded from the curriculum, such as law and theology. The following year, a new constitution was drafted that included a section on education. This document, which became known as the Constitution of 1857, declared education to be a fundamental right and outlined principles of laicism (the belief that God is not involved in the affairs of the world). Over the course of the next 41 years, Mexico experienced three foreign invasions and several educational conflicts. The blue sections of the timeline represent events that are more or less familiar to most Mexicans, while theorange sections represent events that are more obscure. The most significant educational events of the period are the Mexican-French War of 1846-1848 (represented by blue), the Maximillianist regime (represented by orange), and the Mexican Revolution of 1910-1920 (represented by red). Overall, the educational reforms of the Mexican Revolution had a much greater impact than those of the preceding period, but they were not able to achieve their full intended goals until after the Republican Revolution of 1910.
  • 00:30:00 In this video, Mapeo provides a brief history of Mexican education, highlighting some of the key moments in the Revolution. He discusses the six points during the Maximillian era that saw progress made in education, and mentions some interesting aspects of the Porfiriato. He finishes the video by discussing the establishment of the National University of Mexico in 1910.
  • 00:35:00 This video discusses the Mexican Revolution, and how education was not prioritized during that time period. However, beginning with the Porfiriato, education began to be seen as a key to national development. However, despite several failed attempts to create an effective educational system, the Revolution ultimately failed to establish the necessary ideological, methodological, and pedagogical foundations. Today, we invite our colleague, Alejandra Jurado, to read a summary of the work of Maestra Monica Adriana Vasconcelos, a descendant of José Vasconcelos. Monica has a degree in psychology from the Universidad Autónoma de México (UAEM), and has specialized in human resources and employment counseling for over twenty years. She is also a member of the Mexican Academy of Sciences, and has published several articles on education in recent years.
  • 00:40:00 This video discusses the educational project of the Mexican Revolution, focusing on the work of José Mariá Azcárraga Vasconcelos. Vasconcelos was born in 1982, which makes 2020 his 100th anniversary since his birth and the year of his rectorate. Vasconcelos was a critical thinker and political philosopher who served as rector of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) from 1910-1914 and 1920-1923. During his time as rector, Vasconcelos worked to increase the extent of education in Mexico and connected this goal to his father's work as a bureaucrat in the customs department. Vasconcelos was also critical of the positivist education system imposed by Justo Sierra and fought for freedom of teaching and thought in 1909.
  • 00:45:00 In this video, Antonio Caso, a doctor of the rose, discusses the educational project of the Mexican Revolution. Caso says that, with Antonio Caso, the Ateneo de la Juventud (Space for Reading of Unpermitted Works in the National Preparatory School) has been founded. This space is devoted to the reading of classics and the promotion of political education. Caso also says that, in addition to this, he has founded the Anti-Reelectionist Education Society, which is devoted to the democratization of Mexican education. He did not participate in the government of Huerta, but he did maintain his anti-Carrancista stance. After Carranza was defeated and assassinated, Vasconcelos was appointed rector of the National Preparatory School. Caso states that, in this position, he would be responsible for the development of both physical and mental health in the youth. Vasconcelos also founded the journal Revolución, which was published in opposition to Huerta's government. In 1916, Gutiérrez was appointed president of Mexico with the Convention of Aguascalientes. Gutiérrez ratified that Vasconcelos was the most knowledgeable and informed educator in the country.
  • 00:50:00 The educational project of the Mexican Revolution was based on the idea that teachers and students should respect and care for their teachers, and that schools should advance. Doctor García Diego has said that now, with more vasconcelos traits, the Unam has more rasgos than ever been seen before. Vasconcelos, who wanted to direct the Secretariat of Education, managed to do so by naming the Secretary of Public Education instead. This modification allowed Vasconcelos to integrate culture, art, education in morals, and the difference of the institution, forged by the Sierra, that was elitist and included only teaching-related aspects of the school system. Vasconcelos, as rector of the University, was one of the founders of the Mexican Communist Party. He emphasized a universal and humanistic culture, and he supported the contributions of the indigenous peoples in October 1920, when he created his project for a law on the establishment of the Secretariat of Education, which would become the Sep. Sep emerged from the ideals of the Mexican Revolution, which prioritized rural popular education. Vasconcelos' project, which he also functioned as the rector of the National University, was enacted in 1921
  • 00:55:00 During the Mexican Revolution, José Vasconcelos aimed to revitalize Mexico's education system by establishing public schools that taught dance and music as well as some traditional crafts. He also founded the technological institute, which was not found to match the political and technical institute, the National Autonomous University of Mexico. Vasconcelos worked to promote high culture by integrating peasants into schools instead of separating them, and he increased the sales of great authors' works by distributing them throughout the country. Vasconcelos dreamed of creating a truly universal culture and believed that a mixed-race Mexican was the ideal candidate to lead it. In 1935, he wrote his classic Ulises Criollo.

01:00:00 - 02:00:00

In the video, El proyecto educativo de la Revolución Mexicana, various experts on José Vasconcelos discuss his work and legacy. Vasconcelos is considered one of the most important Mexican writers of the twentieth century, and his work on education has had a lasting impact on Mexican society. However, his legacy has been overshadowed by later writers. The experts discuss Vasconcelos' ideas on education and how they have influenced Mexican society over the years.

  • 01:00:00 In this video, José Vasconcelos is discussed and his work is summarized. Vasconcelos is considered one of the most important Mexican writers of the twentieth century, and his work has had a lasting impact on Mexican education. However, his legacy has been overshadowed by later writers. The author discusses Vasconcelos' ideas on education and how they have influenced Mexican society over the years.
  • 01:05:00 Vasconcelos, president of the Committee for Evaluation of Educational Programs, is currently director general of the Centro de Innovación y Asesoramiento Pedagógico. He is also a professor of the MA in Education and the PhD in Educational Sciences from the Benito Juárez Institute of Higher Education. René Descartes is also in attendance, and he discusses his experience as a political educator and member of various education organizations. They discuss the Council for Education and Economics, which Vasconcelos founded, and Vasconcelos' recent book, La figura de las consejos. Vasconcelos begins by sharing a personal anecdote about how he came to be involved in education policy. While working on his doctoral dissertation on educational theory and applied mathematics, he became captivated by the figure of José Vasconcelos and changed his thesis topic to focus on the educator. He goes on to say that Vasconcelos is one of the most fascinating historical figures, and his thoughts on education are highly relevant to today's society. He challenges educators to think critically and explore Vasconcelos' ideas further.
  • 01:10:00 In this YouTube video, Robinson discusses the educational project of the Mexican Revolution. He reiterates that it is a pleasure to begin speaking about vasconcelos after not knowing how they got where they got. I started to see green when I began to learn more about their great loves, Adriana la de Ave de Vasconcelos in the sea and Elena Arizmendi, founder of the Mexican White Cross. Vasconcelos always had a passionate relationship with fina Miranda not married to her. These passionate relationships did not end up inside of marriage because he couldn't do that. It wasn't seen as a bad thing, but if you enjoy nightlife, I recommend reading Ulises the Creole by Elena Poniatowska. Vasconcelos was married to Maria Antônieta Ríos Mercado, and their son, Jaime, is married to Gabriela Mistral. Vasconcelos' thoughts on education are expressed in his book, Robinson à Odyssey, published in 1935. It is important to first understand the separation because Vasconcelos' educational work is incredible. No one has ever written anything of that nature in our country being in charge of public education. It is true that no one has been
  • 01:15:00 The video discusses the secret education system that may have been created by Dr. Torres Bodet. Torres Bodet was distinguished by his poetry, and his fellow poet, Martín Luis Guzmán, served as his secretary. Torres Bodet was also responsible for education during the time Vasconcelos was Secretary of Public Education. William also worked in Vasconcelos' office, and played a significant role in education during that time. Vasconcelos was a strong believer in educating all children and was responsible for many school construction projects, cultural missions, and educational campaigns. Torres Bodet served as Secretary of Public Education from 1921-1924, and his experience and knowledge of the field made a significant impact on the education system during that time.
  • 01:20:00 Vasconcelos writes a book on pedagogy, "The Pedagogical Thought of Vasconcelos," in 1935, after leaving his position as Secretary of Education. The book has been largely forgotten in Mexico, but has recently been rediscovered and studied by scholars. Vasconcelos does not have a pedagogical vocation, but instead writes about education to provide an understanding of his philosophical thoughts on the subject.
  • 01:25:00 In this video, El proyecto educativo de la Revolución Mexicana, Eulalio Gutiérrez discusses the importance of education and its dual purposes, rescuing our culture and fulfilling the human potential of all students. He also discusses the parallels between his pedagogical philosophy and that of Ortega y Gasset, and provides a quote from his book, El fin final de la educación, in which he declares the end goal of education to be more than just discovering how to know and learn; it is about arriving at a point where one can forgive lawful, horrible things.
  • 01:30:00 The educational project of the Mexican Revolution was pioneered by Vasconcelos and is vast in its text, rich in its philosophy, and complex, with some saying that it is not a structured philosophy. However, Vasconcelos is one of our great predecessors, with a thought that is still relevant today. His autobiography, biographical, and philosophical work is very enjoyable to read in whole. One thing that Vasconcelos always believed was that those who were before failed to use concepts that were in Manuel Flores and Luis Ruiz's education reform proposals. Ribó recommends reading Vasconcelos only if you want to be bored, as his autobiography is full of entertaining anecdotes. For those who want to learn more about Vasconcelos's work, Ribó recommends reading his books and attending his lectures. Vasconcelos's ideas can be further explored through discussion panels like the one held on November 20, 2020, which is also his 200th birthday. Those who are able to speak will have 5 minutes to do so. Afterwards, general comments and questions will be allowed. Please raise your hand to be recognized. Daniel Rodríguez asks the doctor Benito Guillén, an expert on Vasconcelos, for his recommendations
  • 01:35:00 In this video, José Vasconcelos is discussed. First, a comment is made, followed by a brief comment and an open question. It is then discussed whether the topic of Vasconcelos' education project could be covered in a single video. The Vasconcelos creation of the public sphere's secret is discussed as being the foundational element of Mexican education, and it is also mentioned that Jaime Torres Bodet and Adolfo López Mateos were also closely associated with Vasconcelos. The next topic discussed is Vasconcelos' proposal for 11-year education plans for students, which was introduced during the administration of Jaime Torres Bodet and Adolfo López Mateos. Finally, the idea of a new secretary of education being responsible for returning Vasconcelos' original educational ideas is mentioned. A final question is asked about how to implement Vasconcelos' ideas in the 21st century, and the guests offer their thoughts on the matter.
  • 01:40:00 In this video, five Mexican scholars discuss the educational heritage of the Mexican Revolution. They discuss how Vasconcelos's humanism and eclesiastical nationalism helped to shape Mexican education and thought. They also discuss how Mexico's economic decline during the 1990s led to a resurgence of neoliberalism and its impact on Mexican education. They conclude by discussing what can be done to improve Mexican education.
  • 01:45:00 This video discusses the educational project of the Mexican Revolution, focusing on the work of José Vasconcelos. Vasconcelos' ideals of universal education and arts and culture appreciation continue to be a challenge for Mexican educators, as does the high cost of textbooks and other educational materials.
  • 01:50:00 In the video, Revolucion Mexicana educator Salvador Vasconcelos discusses the educational project of the Mexican Revolution. Vasconcelos recommends starting with less complex books, and advises people not to start with the Fell textbook, which is very comprehensive. Vasconcelos believes that the Ulises Criollo is the best study of Mexico's educational and philosophical thought, and is complete and thorough. However, he recommends starting with something more beautiful, such as the cosmic race. Vasconcelos also mentions a recent edition of the book that he donated to a Mexican bookstore a few years ago. The Ulises Criollo is a book about the ancient Greco-Roman heroes, and Vasconcelos argues that they are not the representatives of the Hellenistic Humanism that Vasconcelos considers to be the Mexican race's Heir to its Greek-Roman heritage. Vasconcelos goes on to say that Robson's model, which is not vasconcelist, has not been superseded and is still prevalent in Mexico's education system. Nearly all of Mexico's educational structures and pedagogical practices that Vasconcelos left behind when he retired in 1984 have not been changed, despite neoliberalism having been imposed
  • 01:55:00 The video discusses the educational project of the Mexican Revolution, highlighting the importance of diversity and cultural enrichment. It also mentions the upcoming meeting on Friday, November 27 to discuss learning and creativity. Vasconcelos is mentioned as an important contributor to Mexican culture.

02:00:00 - 02:00:00

The video discusses the educational project undertaken by the Mexican Revolution, with a focus on the work of teachers Monica Adriana Vasconcelos, Benito Bien, and Omar de la Rosa. The participants express their thanks to the guests and vow to continue working together in the future.

  • 02:00:00 The video features a discussion of the educational project undertaken by the Mexican Revolution, with special emphasis on the work of teachers Monica Adriana Vasconcelos and Benito Bien and teacher Omar de la Rosa. The participants express their thanks to all of the invited guests, and promise to continue working together in the future.

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