In this video, the speakers discuss recent trends in open science and open access policies in Latin America. They emphasize the importance of partnerships between institutions such as UNESCO, the Fundación Carolina, and CLACSO for promoting open science in the Ibero-American region. The speakers also highlight the need for ethical considerations, access, and non-discrimination in digitalization, and the importance of open access as a public and common good. They discuss various initiatives and trends in open science, including the use of non-commercial metrics for evaluating research and the adoption of open access policies even for historical works. Overall, the speakers emphasize the importance of democratizing knowledge and the need for inclusive policies that value open science and open access.
00:00:00 In this section, the speakers express their gratitude towards the collaboration between the Fundación Carolina, the Consejo Latinoamericano de Ciencias Sociales (CLACSO), and UNESCO in the publication of "Tendencias Recientes de las Políticas Científicas de Ciencia Abierta y Acceso Abierto en Iberoamérica". The goal of the publication is to promote and reflect on the state of art in open access and science in the Ibero-American region. The event includes a discussion panel with representatives from different countries, as well as some substantive presentations on open science case studies. The speakers recognize the importance of tripartite partnerships involving UNESCO, the Fundación Carolina, and CLACSO to continue promoting open science in the region.
00:05:00 In this section, the speaker emphasizes the importance of science open policies not only in the scientific agenda but also as a transformative factor for other public policies such as sustainable economies and mobility of scientists and students. The pandemic has highlighted the crucial role of science as an inclusive and transformative force. The speaker also congratulates Gonzalo Moratorio, from Uruguay, for his contribution to science by leading research that saved many lives during these challenging times. Lastly, the speaker emphasizes the power of international and regional cooperation, as science should be for the people, made with the people, and accessible to the people.
00:10:00 In this section, the speakers discuss the importance of open science and open science policies in guaranteeing the right to knowledge and science, as enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. However, they also emphasize the need for ethical considerations, access, and non-discrimination in digitalization since the same technological advancements that promote open science can also cause more discrimination. They also acknowledge the differences in the capacity for open science collaboration among different countries in the region. Finally, the speakers mention the recent release of a joint publication between the UNESCO and CLACSO, which provides a basis for understanding the trends in the region and how to construct effective programs to promote open science.
00:15:00 In this section, the authors of "Tendencias Recientes en las Políticas Científicas de Ciencia Abierta" discuss their analysis of the state of open access research and scientific policies in Latin America and how this influences research trajectories. They emphasize the importance of open access to knowledge as a public good and a common good without profit motives, and highlight CLACSO's role as an active promoter and defender of open access to social science production in the region. They also discuss their participation in various initiatives to discuss and debate the future of open access and open science, working to provide a perspective from the Global South.
00:20:00 In this section, Jose Antonio Sanahuja, director of the Carolina Foundation, discusses the importance of promoting excellence in research, knowledge and education that generates social innovation and contributes to the common good. He relates this concept of the common good to the United Nations' 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which aims to prioritize the needs of society over those of the market. As part of their efforts to promote the common good, the foundation has signed the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA) to evaluate the contributions of researchers, academics and artists based on independent peer reviews and their relevance to their discipline and society.
00:25:00 In this section, the speaker discusses recent trends in open science policies and initiatives, including the move towards metrics based on quality rather than factors such as the impact factor. They also highlight the adoption of open access policies, including Creative Commons licenses, not just for new publications but also for historical works. The speaker notes that this push towards open science is a response to the community's mandate, as seen in the 2018 Declaration of Antigua Guatemala, in which member states pledged to make science a human right and to promote open access policies. The speaker also emphasizes the importance of the agreement with CLACSO, a leader in the field of open science, and their contributions to advancing policies in Latin America and beyond.
00:30:00 In this section, the speaker discusses the trend of using English publications as a mechanism of assimilation of evaluation agendas, imposing the norms and parameters on other Latin languages, including Spanish and Portuguese. This has led to a homogenization of norms in Latin America that comes from the Anglo-Saxon world and is worrying to the speaker, as it has been seen that the quality of scientific production is often wrongly associated with adhering to these norms. However, the pandemic has highlighted the importance of open science and has made the production and accessibility of vaccines transparent. The speaker congratulates the authors of the report on recent trends in open science policies, expressing their satisfaction that the report has high-quality content and is applicable in designing science policies.
00:35:00 In this section, the directors of the editorial team at CLACSO, Nicolás Arata and Fernanda Pampín, discuss the launch of the Open Science collection, which is the first publication of its kind. The collection is part of CLACSO's commitment to open access and the promotion of knowledge as a public good and human right. The directors emphasize the importance of democratizing society through open science and access to knowledge. They note that the collection is a team effort that has intensified in recent years, with CLACSO publishing over 100 books in open access this year alone. They express concern for where these publications will go and who the readers are, but are committed to continuing to learn and ensure that knowledge circulates and is accessible to all.
00:40:00 In this section, Fernanda Pampín, the incoming Director of the Editorial Area of CLACSO, spoke about the launch of a new collection titled "Ciencia Abierta", which aims to promote open access and contribute to the analysis of research, evaluation systems, policies, and scientific practices in the region. She expressed her hope that this first book celebration would be the start of a broad line of open access publications and emphasized the importance of partnerships and cooperation. The presentation then moved on to the third and final block, which focused on the specific contents of the publication and featured several female presenters.
00:45:00 In this section, the speakers discuss recent trends in open science policies and their implementation in Ibero-America. They note that countries prioritizing open science tend to focus on productivity and efficiency, as well as sharing platforms, tools, and methodologies. They also discuss the social dimension of open science, highlighting the importance of respecting the human right to participate and benefit from scientific research. The implementation of open science policies in Ibero-America is characterized by collaboration, public funding, and strong involvement from universities and scientific institutions without commercial interests. This approach has been praised at international meetings as a model for inclusiveness in science and has been underway for almost 20 years with the creation of portals and scientific journals in the region.
00:50:00 In this section, the speaker discusses recent trends in scientific policies for open science and open access in Ibero-America. He notes the role of institutions such as Latindex, Dialnet, and REDALYC in improving the quality of scientific journals, and the passing of laws in several countries promoting open access, resulting in the development of more than 500 digital institutional repositories. The speaker highlights the tension between the Ibero-American model of non-profit, university-driven production and communication of scientific research and the trend towards privatization and commercialization of scientific production and evaluation. Recent initiatives include the creation of national repositories of scientific data and the inclusion of open science practices in the evaluation of research.
00:55:00 In this section, the speaker discusses recent trends in scientific policies regarding open science and evaluation. She highlights a growing awareness of the need for responsible evaluations and a reform of academic evaluation processes, with a move away from metrics towards exploring alternative modes of evaluating science. In Latin America, the emphasis has been on open access as a common good, with a focus on institutional repositories and portals for disseminating research. However, the study reveals a lack of value placed on open science and open access by national evaluation systems, with a strong emphasis on production and citation metrics based on commercial journals. The speaker emphasizes the need to expand evaluation methodologies that value public science in local languages, open access, and with relevance to the region.
The video discusses recent trends and developments in open science policies in the Ibero-American region, including the creation of portals and repositories for reliable information and the need for innovative practices to tackle problems of sustainable development. The importance of evaluation in the scientific community is highlighted, and progress in open science policies is discussed in countries such as Spain, Costa Rica, and Central America. Speakers emphasize the need for changes in the evaluation system, unification of regional journals, and promotion of the diamond model of open access. Despite challenges, speakers express optimism for the future and the opportunities presented by the COVID-19 pandemic for advancing open science practices and consolidating progress in the region.
01:00:00 In this section, the speaker discusses recent developments in scientific policies related to open science. They note that there is a growing emphasis on the development of Ibero-American portals, with a focus on integrating and interoperating repositories to obtain reliable information and strengthen research in the region. Additionally, they point out the need for more case studies and comparisons in the evaluation of research in the region that prioritize innovative practices to include marginalized populations and tackle problems of sustainable development. Finally, the speaker suggests that the movement towards open science should not only be accompanied by discussions and recommendations, but also by rewarding good practices in institutional plans, project selection, and research evaluation, aiming towards a collaborative model of knowledge creation.
01:05:00 In this section, a speaker expresses their praise for the recent report on open science policies in the region. They highlight the significant amount of data that has been collected in a short period of time, which will be crucial for discussions and decision-making going forward. They also note the report's role in transforming the academic evaluation system in the region, and its importance in the regional discussion of open science concepts. The speaker also credits the report for playing a direct role in the creation of the UNESCO recommendation on open science and recognizes its role in providing information to the Latin American block of experts. Finally, the speaker expresses gratitude for the report's contribution to the region's work on open science and congratulates everyone involved in its creation.
01:10:00 In this section, Blanca Lilia highlights the importance of evaluation in the scientific community and the need to change the way researchers are evaluated to ensure acceptance of a new reality in science. She praises the publication of the book, which includes input from various countries, highlighting the success of Brazil's open access movement. While open access is well-established in Brazil, the focus now is on working with research data. Lilia cites the efforts of Brazilian federal agency, CMP, and the Brazilian Institute of Science and Technology Information in developing a scientific data repository. The main challenge is changing the mindset and approach of researchers and managers from the North to ensure the success of open science in the Latin American region.
01:15:00 In this section, the speaker expresses his gratitude to the authors of the report for their extraordinary work of creating a tool that provides a panoramic view of open access and its connection to scientific evaluation processes. They emphasize the importance of aligning public policies regarding scientific evaluation and open science since promoting open science while prioritizing publications and modes of operation of big publishing groups sends conflicting messages. The speaker cites recent events, particularly the power of open science during the pandemic and how much data they made available to the scientific community. They also underscore the importance of visibility and usage of scientific research being done in Spanish and Portuguese as it has a real impact on other scientists and society in general. Finally, the speaker emphasizes the need to revise the evaluation process to incorporate open science explicitly.
01:20:00 In this section, the speaker discusses recent advances made towards open science policies in Spain, specifically regarding the promotion of open access to publications and the publication of open research data. The speaker mentions the launch of a data portal by the Spanish government and the collection of data sets by the Digital CSIC repository of the Higher Council for Scientific Research, which adheres to open principles for optimal global accessibility and utility. The speaker then goes on to discuss the progress made in open science policies in Costa Rica and Central America, citing the efforts made to improve research and increase access to open publications through the support of the National Council of Rectors of Public Universities and the creation of a constructive committee for open access publications.
01:25:00 In this section, the transcript discusses recent trends in scientific policies related to open science in Costa Rica and Central America. Although Costa Rica has around 14 open access repositories, not all of them are registered in the sites that group repositories. Nevertheless, open access is a natural tendency in the region, with some universities and journals accepting pre-prints, open peer review, and using open indicators such as altmetrics. While there is no explicit policy or mandate, open access in Central America is a behavior that has arisen due to a lack of formalities. Some repositories and joint portals are a model of regional cooperation in open science, including the CIRCA and Camp Nou portals, which group universities and journals in the region.
01:30:00 In this section, the speaker discusses recent trends in open science policies in Central America. Some countries, such as Costa Rica, El Salvador, and Nicaragua, have joined the reference to open access repositories, and Panama is expected to join soon. The region has also seen an increase in virtual activities to promote open science and the opening of doors for open research data. The Research Alliance RDA, which includes Central American countries, was formed to promote joint actions towards making research data openly available and to develop clear policies for researcher involvement. The speaker suggests the recent efforts to promote open science policies in the region are promising and that they will have a positive impact in the short term.
01:35:00 In this section, the speaker discusses recent trends in open science policies and emphasizes the need to address the evaluation system in universities. The speaker argues that the only way for open science to make sense is if the evaluation system is modified, which is a great opportunity for change. It is crucial to mix open access with evaluation, and the speaker believes that businesses' model is most important. The speaker also emphasizes the need to discuss and defend the "diamond model," which has been developed in Latin America and is prevalent in the region. Moreover, it is essential to unify the region's journals and defend the diamond model rather than aligning with European models of open access. The speaker argues that universities should control open access rather than a few commercial companies. Finally, the speaker acknowledges that the book by Tomas and De la Flor provides guidance on where to move and offers essential principles of democratic and inclusive systems.
01:40:00 In this section, the speakers wrap up the joint presentation by discussing the importance of continued dialogue and interaction in promoting open science in the region. They acknowledge the many challenges ahead, including changes to evaluation systems, commercialization and production of research articles, access to infrastructure, and technologies. However, they also express optimism about the opportunities presented by the COVID-19 pandemic for advancing open science practices and consolidating progress in the region. They thank the attendees and panelists and hope that future initiatives towards open science in the region can be tripartite and agreed upon by all three institutions.