Summary of COLOMBIA VIVE - La Lucha - Parte 3/5

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00:00:00 - 00:45:00

This video discusses the on-going conflict in Colombia between the government and drug cartels. Despite recent successes, there is still much work to be done. The video ends with a message of respect for the journalists who are covering the conflict.

  • 00:00:00 The video discusses the history of Colombia, focusing on the 1990 election in which César Gaviria was elected president, and the violence that ensued. Two candidates for president were killed in the violence, and Fernando Alcántara, a candidate for the Patriotic Union, was shot while waiting for his car outside a drugstore. Gaviria then calls for a national assembly to create a new social contract, which is adopted in June 1991.
  • 00:05:00 In this video, a representative of the Colombian people announces the new constitution, which was designed as a response to the violence that had become rampant due to weakened institutions at the end of the government of the boat. The main contribution of the constitution was the creation of the judicial system, which gained access to millions of Colombians until the most humble of the citizens could present a tutela in a country with a history and a tradition of violence. This way, the new political document also includes an article that facilitates negotiations with drug traffickers, prohibiting their extradition. On the same day, and after preliminary and public negotiations with the priest, Rafael García Herreros, who served as intermediary for Pablo Escobar and several of his henchmen, they voluntarily surrender to justice. I would like to speak with Pablo Escobar at the beach here, sitting next to him. They told me he wants to talk to me. Omar de Jóvenes, God have mercy on us, we place this day that has passed the ghost of extradition behind us. The government has accepted that the drug traffickers serving long prison sentences together. On land, also members of Escobar's closest circle, who had been fugitives for years, turn themselves in to the authorities. Meanwhile, on
  • 00:10:00 In the aftermath of the country's decade-long war against terrorism, one general causes an unprecedented power outage, sparking a 13-month rationing period during which Colombians return to using candles. Despite this dark experience, the country reacts and restructures its electric system. Years later, after the army led by the priest Pérez has taken over, the government considers that the best way to prevent the country's oil riches from going to foreign hands is to dedicate itself to this every 15 days. Despite being in prison for one year, Pablo Escobar is not afraid to mock the government without any hesitation. He notices the car that blocks me as I try to cross the street, and he becomes the most visited prisoner in Colombia. The country comes to learn that the cathedral is full of riches, with countless family visits, celebrations, and social events. The drip that exceeds the cup is the certainty that Escobar's field has killed its former partners in the Medellín cartel - Galeano and Moncada, among others. The government attempts to put Escobar in handcuffs, but he escapes with his closest henchmen. As a result of Escobar's escape, the members of his old cartel - the
  • 00:15:00 In this YouTube video, friends and lawyers close to Escobar discuss the war against Escobar and his legacy. The final part of the video covers Escobar's final days in prison and his son's attempt to take his father's remains back to Colombia. Although Escobar is dead, the violence in Colombia will likely continue. The video finishes with Carlos, Escobar's son, speaking about his hope that one day the violence in Colombia will end.
  • 00:20:00 Following his election victory in the second round, Colombian President Ernesto Samper is threatened by the successful campaign of his rival, conservative Andrés Pastrana. The video reveals that Samper's campaign received money from the cartel of Cali, which has connections to the president. The scandal reaches international levels when a telephone conversation between a reporter and the head of the cartel is leaked. The government is initially aware of the document, but denies knowing who the sender is. The dialogue between Alberto Giraldo, the cartel's spokesman, and Miguel Rodriguez Orejuela, the cartel's boss, reveals one of the largest political scandals in Colombian history. It is in the hands of the public to decide if they believe the president's claim that he was not responsible for the leak.
  • 00:25:00 In this video, Colombian journalist Alberto Giraldo interviews brothers Gilberto and Miguel Rodriguez Orejuela, known as "Los Rojos," about their involvement in the drug trade. The Rodríguez Orejuela brothers also have orders to capture journalist Guillermo-Alejandro Palomar, who goes by the alias of "Reagan." The cartel's accountant, Guillermo Palomar, then delivers the information to the United States regarding the cartel's entrance of $3200 million into the presidential campaign of Samper. U.S. authorities Cancel Samper's visa, and some of his ministers, after the discovery of a drug-trafficking conspiracy involving high-ranking members of the Colombian military. Despite not needing a visa to enter Colombia, Giraldo remains in office because the Colombian people have granted him legitimacy as their leader. The president's lack of resignation is one of the major problems facing Colombia at this time, as the country is facing an international drug-trafficking scandal. Sergio Arboleda, a Bogotá-based journalist, interviews Heyne Mogollón, a Goiás landowner, about the president's apparent lack of concern. The church unexpectedly takes a particular interest in the president
  • 00:30:00 In this YouTube video, the president of Colombia, Ernesto Samper, is accused of being linked to the mafia. The video also covers the investigation into Samper's involvement in the political corruption case 8000. The video ends with the announcement that the investigation into Samper is preclu
  • 00:35:00 In this video, the effects of the war between the Colombian military and the guerrilla are discussed. Part 3 discusses the Colombian military's attempt to take control of a rebel stronghold, the base of the "delights." 60 soldiers are taken captive in the process, and their captors, the FARC, make a bold move by deploying their troops in an attempt to gain media attention. This is the first of several such "takes" in which the Colombian military attempts to free soldiers who have been taken by the guerrilla. In the following weeks, villages throughout the Caquetá region are evacuated as part of a larger effort to free 60 soldiers who had been kidnapped by the FARC at the base of the "delights." Meanwhile, the government clears 14,000 square kilometers of the Caquetá department to make it easier to rescue the soldiers. The FARC does an unusual deployment of their forces in an attempt to take advantage of the media attention surrounding the war. Their troops are seen in various parts of the country, some as far north as the city of Bogotá. This is considered the first step in the government's effort to facilitate the release of soldiers held by the guerrilla. As the war drags on, the
  • 00:40:00 In this video, Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos talks about the country's ongoing struggle against drug cartels and the importance of international cooperation in the fight. He also mentions the recent capture of drug cartel leaders Gilberto Rodriguez Orejuela and Miguel Rodríguez Orejuela. This is seen as a major victory by the government, but there is still much work to be done. The video ends with a message of respect for the journalists who are covering the conflict.
  • 00:45:00 In this video, Colombian citizens discuss the future after the conflict, and how many children will be affected for the rest of their lives. Some children have been affected by explosions and landmines, but they forget about their fears for a brief visit to the bottom of the sea. A round of applause follows.

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