Summary of 30 Años de autonomia. Parte I

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The video discusses the history of autonomy in Spain, with a focus on the Catalan and Basque regions. It highlights the struggle for recognition of their legal personhood and pre-autonomy, and recalls the establishment of the autonomous government in Aragon in the 1990s.

  • 00:00:00 Thirty years of autonomy has produced a deep-rooted sense of shared history and ancestry in many Aragonese hearts. This unique feeling is shared by different ways by many people, throughout the province. The identity of Aragonese is formed with time, as one journeys on the path of history. The Estatuto de Notables, drafted in 1882, is a significant milestone in Aragonese history. After 40 years of Francoist dictatorship, the old kingdom that reached continental status is barely a shadow of its former self. Starting in 1972, Aragonese began to demand autonomy. Franco died in 1975, and after a month of agonizing death, the government began signing death sentences with the council of ministers' signatures. In Torreciudad, on the anniversary of Franco's inauguration, the country was still living through its terrible experience. The people of Aragonese began to voice their demands for freedom, amnesty for political prisoners, and the recognition of autonomy. It was the Three Musketeers of Aragonese politics--the demand for autonomy, the education of children in political values, and the election of local politicians. It would take some time for all these elements to come together, but they were gradually emerging during the 1970s. By the
  • 00:05:00 The 30-year anniversary of autonomous regions in Spain is commemorated in this video, with particular focus on the Catalan and Basque regions. The video reminds viewers of the historic struggle for recognition of their legal personhood and pre-autonomy, recalling Garaikoetxea and Tarradellas in the Spanish Basque Country and Aragon, respectively. While democracy was slowly taking hold in 1977, Catalunya and the Basque Country were already ahead of the rest of the country in terms of achieving a regime of recognition of their personality juridica and pre-autonomy. In Aragón, the strength of demanding a center-democratic government in union with the rest of Spain led to the establishment of pre-autonomy for the first time in the country's history. With democracy, Aragonese citizens begin to reveal their hidden identity and feel free to express themselves for the first time ever. The fear of repression among the general population during the Franco years led to a lack of political activity among citizens until very recently. This new-found political activity among the population led to the establishment of a number of new political parties and ideologies. Hehnández-Gil makes an erroneous assumption in his account of the Villalar 20 years
  • 00:10:00 Thirty years after Catalonia's autonomy was recognized, a real decree-law of 1978 recognizes the juridical personality of Aragon, which had been lost with Philip II. By Philip V and Philip Quinto, Aragon had a legislature and government that were merged with the Generalitat of Aragon on 9 April 1978 in Calatayud, in a beautiful dedicatory ceremony attended by over 200,000 people, including many Aragonese politicians. Fox results in the election of the autonomous government's Consejo General, which consists of Deputy and Senators. On 24 April 1978, in a historical demonstration, Aragonese people unite their voices in one cry of "Autonomía!" Extremadura, which had to create and innovate its own institutions, had to create a Hand of the State in Roussillon, and Catalonia, Valencia, and Balearic Islands had to create their own Carnival parades. None of the four Spanish regions managed to do this when their president left in the same way. This has allowed the autonomous government to reduce the levels of its bureaucracy. A few years later, a web version of the article was published. In it, Emil says that he is not an autonomist, but that he believes in
  • 00:15:00 Heidi Aborto, the president of Spain's Unidad de España, approved of fighting terrorism and of the nationalization of private businesses in the early 1990s. In the 1990s, Spanish political parties were divided on whether to support full autonomy for Catalonia or not. The Partido Comunista, which was the largest left-wing party, advocated for full autonomy, while the Partido Socialista, which was the largest party, favored a slower path to autonomy. In 2004, the Partido Socialista won the Spanish general election, and abortion became a central issue in the party's platform. Heidi Aborto, the president of Unidad de España, which was created in 1989 as a central body to oversee the autonomous regions, approved of the party's platform. In the 1990s, the Partido Socialista negotiated agreements with other political parties in order to win support for its vision of a slow path to full autonomy for Catalonia. However, tensions between the different parties persisted, and it was not easy to reach agreements on issues like freedom of speech and assembly. In 2011, a group of Partido Socialista militants attempted to take control of the party's headquarters in Barcelona, but were
  • 00:20:00 In 1981, the Spanish government drafted a new autonomous statute for Aragon, which was accepted by the Spanish Cortes Generales in Madrid in 1983. The new statute granted greater autonomy to the region than the previous Franco-era regime. In May of that year, the first autonomous elections were held, and the Socialists, Antonio Emsdedro, became the region's first president. Santiago Marraco, also a Socialist, served as vice president. The newly-established autonomous government began to address many of the region's pressing economic issues, including a severe recession. In the 1990s, Aragon began to see a resurgence in cultural activity, with artists and musicians coming together to express their discontent with the status quo. In May of 2010, the conservative Partido Popular (PP) won a landslide victory in the autonomous elections, taking 33% of the vote. This led to concerns that the PP would attempt to suppress the autonomous movement altogether. In response, a group of Aragonese dissidents formed a new political party, Independiente Aragonesa (IA), and began campaigning for more autonomy for the region. In 1982, the autonomic statute was passed by the Spanish Congress, and in September of that year, the official journal of the Ar

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