Summary of Naturalismo y Realismo: ¿en qué se diferencian?

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In this video, the difference between naturalism and realism is discussed. Naturalism is focused on the characters' darkness and gloominess, while realism trusts in human beings' ability to progress and improve themselves.

  • 00:00:00 In this video, I'll tell you what realism is, and what movement it came from. I'll also discuss naturalism, which is the main realist movement. Today, we're going to talk about two movements that are very closely related to realism: realism starts appearing in the early 19th century in Europe, and is focused on social and cultural changes caused by industrialization and urbanization. This is something that will be repeated in all movements, and you'll see that each genre of literature is anchored in a specific time and in a certain region. In the case of realism, its main representatives are famous authors who are part of the universal literary canon. These authors include: Balzac, Tolstoi, Dickens, Flaubert, and Pérez Galdós in Spain. Eugenio Cambaceres is one of the main representatives of the naturalist movement in Argentina, and he wrote a very famous novel called "Sudamericanism". The difference between the naturalist movement, which is more Sudafrican in nature, and the European realist movement is that the latter trusts human beings to be able to progress and improve themselves. It doesn't give too much importance to the characters' darkness, gloominess, and lack of
  • 00:05:00 In this video, two different philosophies are compared - naturalism and realism. Naturalism believes that nobility is derived from being wealthy, while realism believes that it is based on being a judge. Both philosophies are distasteful to modern society, as they interfere with aspects that people do not like.

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