Summary of Descubrir la Psicología I: Recordar y Olvidar

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The video discusses the psychology and science of memory, how it works, and how it can be affected by various factors. It also discusses how our memories can be used to help us recall information from long-term memory, and how they can be affected by events and experiences.

  • 00:00:00 The video discusses the psychology of memory, discussing how our memories are influenced by various factors, including our mental state, our past experiences, and the context in which we learn something. It also discusses how memory can be affected by our state of mind and physical health. Finally, it discusses how our memory can be affected by other events and experiences.
  • 00:05:00 The video discusses the science of memory, focusing on the discovery that human memory is actually a computer process, with data stored in long-term and recent memory. The memory process is explained with the example of Erin Gauss, who had difficulty remembering lists of unrelated words, but found success with remembering lists of letters that he had previously practiced recalling. Later experiments determined that the process of recalling information is broken down into five stages: input, encoding, storage, retrieval, and use. Current research is focused on understanding how the brain stores and retrieves information, with a focus on how recent memory is used to recall information from long-term memory.
  • 00:10:00 The video discusses how our short-term memory, or active memory, is essential to our psychological state in response to stimuli. Short-term memory is divided into two stages: learning and rehearsal. Learning is when we are exposed to new information and rehearsal is when we repeat the new information. Memory for individual items can be limited to 7 items, but can hold more information if items are grouped according to a model or schema that is already familiar to us. Fragmenting a fragment can help to store more information than 7 items. One technique that is effective for memory improvement is called "word-keyword associations." In this technique, each item is associated with a set of related words. For example, the word "tree" might be associated with the words "leaf," "branch," and "trunk." When you want to remember the word "tree," you would say the word "tree," followed by one of the associated words, such as "leaf." This technique can be used to remember any list of items.
  • 00:15:00 This video discusses the psychology of memory, specifically how we remember things. It covers the two main processes that help us remember: constructing memories from preexisting knowledge, and recalling past events in a consistent and coherent way. It also discusses how our memories are influenced by our schemas, or basic beliefs about people, objects, and situations. These schemas can be very persistent and affect how we perceive and understand the world. The video also discusses how knowledge is acquired and how memory works in everyday life.
  • 00:20:00 In this video, Professor Richard Thompson from the University of California, San Diego, explains how he discovered that memories are not localized to any specific part of the brain, and that memories can be complex but simple ones are also remembered. He also discusses the work of other researchers who have found that memories are stored in specific regions of the brain, using a model developed in Russia. Finally, he demonstrates how conditioning of a reflex can be used to remove a learned memory.
  • 00:25:00 This video discusses the neuroscience of memory, specifically how memory can be impaired by various factors, such as brain damage, alcoholism, chemical toxicity, and senility. Alzheimer's disease is a common example of an illness that causes memory loss, as well as changes in personality and sometimes death. Without memories, a person's life becomes a life without past, without future, and without identity.

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