Summary of Liban : au cœur du Hezbollah | ARTE

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The video discusses the Hezbollah, a Lebanese militant group that has been fighting Israel since the 1970s. It covers the group's history, from its creation in the 1980s to its current political crisis in Lebanon. The video explains how the Hezbollah rose to become a powerful political force in Lebanon, and how its religious nature has given it immunity from corruption and other scandals. Despite Hezbollah's successes, the video predicts that the group will soon face public opposition and be forced to update its political agenda.

  • 00:00:00 This video follows Hezbollah fighters during the 1982 Lebanon War, which was fought against Israel. The fighters show where the "blue line" marking the border between Lebanon and Palestine is located. The location is important to people of honor and patriotism because it is a sacred place for each individual. The Lebanese army, with advanced weaponry, was unable to defeat the resistance in a unified group, which shows that courage is not based on weapons or force, but rather on courage. This was also the beginning of the end for the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), which was founded here. The 1982 Lebanon War ended on September 29th, 1982. At the time, nobody could have known that the Israeli occupation of southern Lebanon would continue for another 18 years. However, 40 years after the war started, Hezbollah has become a powerful political and social force in Lebanon and the Middle East, and is no longer just a resistance movement against Israel.
  • 00:05:00 The video discusses Hezbollah, a Lebanese militant group that has been fighting Israel since the 1970s. Mounif, a former prisoner of Hezbollah, speaks about his experience and how it has shaped his beliefs. He also reflects on the importance of the group and its fight for Lebanon and Palestinian independence.
  • 00:10:00 In 1982, Hezbollah decided to resist the invasion. They created a group called the "Nine," which had nine members. They went to Iran and asked for support, and through cooperation with Iran and revolutionary training, they created what we now call Hezbollah. In providing arms and training to Hezbollah's brothers Chiites, Iran ensured that it had a powerful ideological and strategic lever in the Middle East. Very popular in the Beqaa Valley, Hezbollah quickly became the leading rebel group in Lebanon, under the leadership of their future leader, the future. Hezbollah's actions - including terrorist attacks in Lebanon and abroad - have been blamed on them by numerous nations, and over time, Hezbollah has been dubbed a terrorist organization by the United States and other Western countries. To this day, Hezbollah defends their actions with vigor, claiming that they are engaged in only military resistance, placing themselves under the banner of Resistance. Many Lebanese, Arabs, and Palestinians have also formed their own Resistance groups, some of which are affiliated with Hezbollah. I would like to discuss this issue with you using science, reason, and evidence. Anyone who wishes to accuse someone must provide evidence. Agreement to accuse must come from both parties.
  • 00:15:00 The Hezbollah is a militant Islamist group that has been fighting Israel since the early 1980s. In 1992, they won a decisive victory against Israel in the Lebanese Civil War. Today, they continue to fight Israel, and have a long and detailed strategic plan. In 2000, Hezbollah won victory against Israel militarily, ending 18 years of occupation. Hassan Nasrallah, the Hezbollah leader, is a highly respected political and religious figure in Lebanon.
  • 00:20:00 This video discusses the transformation of the Hezbollah, from a paramilitary organization into a political force in Lebanon. It interviews a young man who wants to join the Hezbollah and fight for their cause, even though he is afraid. His father wants him to join so he can learn from the experience. The video also interviews a former Hezbollah fighter who says that the organization has become too political and should stick to its military role.
  • 00:25:00 The video discusses how Hezbollah became known in the region before 1997, when its Secretary General, Hassan Nasrallah, took on the role. The economic situation in the region was dire, and in 1997, Hezbollah's supporters made a revolution to improve conditions. However, instead of defending the people, Hezbollah initially withdrew to let the army take action. This turned out to be a mistake, as the army abused its power and became corrupt. As Hezbollah's political influence grew, it became more bourgeois and was betrayed by its involvement in Lebanese politics. Hezbollah's original ideals of defending the poor and developing Lebanon were forsaken in favor of sectarian slogans and religious fervor. Violence and harassment against the party's members has continued ever since, with militants firing shots at their homes and cars. Mohamed, a candidate for Hezbollah's parliamentary elections, has been campaigning against the ruling party with old slogans from 1400 years ago. He has received support from fighters stationed in Balbec, a stronghold of Hezbollah since the 1970s. Despite the threats and intimidation, the party has managed to keep its headquarters and continue to operate. However, Paul, a doctor, is running against Mohamed in the same district as a candidate for the opposition. He is a vocal critic of
  • 00:30:00 The video discusses the Hezbollah's position in Lebanon and the region, and their difficulties in winning back sovereignity. The main challenge is to win over the people, who are tired of years of war and poverty. However, with hard work, the Hezbollah may be able to achieve its goals.
  • 00:35:00 This video covers the history of Hezbollah, from its creation in the 1980s to the current political crisis in Lebanon. It explains how Hezbollah rose to become a powerful political force in Lebanon, and how its religious nature has given it immunity from corruption and other scandals. Despite Hezbollah's successes, the video predicts that the group will soon face public opposition and be forced to update its political agenda.
  • 00:40:00 The Hezbollah political manifesto was announced in a meeting attended by Naïm Kacem, the second in command of Hezbollah, in Lebanon's south. Kacem has reserved his first appearance in the electoral campaign for Lebanese from the Sud region, which has a strong Hezbollah presence. The manifesto focuses on the need for Lebanon to be self-reliant, rejecting any form of foreign dependency, and promises a number of social services in the interest of the community as a whole. The speech was met with applause from the audience. Mounif, a Hezbollah leader, defended the party's position on the ground, saying that the people of Lebanon are suffering under difficult circumstances, and that the party is working to resolve these issues. He also mentioned the need for Lebanon to have a strong economy in order to support its people. The speaker also addressed the issue of sectarianism, saying that Lebanon is a country of shared experiences, and that one must not be separated from the other members of their community. He concluded by promising that all of Hezbollah's promises will be kept.
  • 00:45:00 The Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah announced in August 2022 the opening of a tourist site dedicated to jihad far away from the expectations of some of the people. Some people are wondering how the Hezbollah will position itself in Lebanon after losing its parliamentary majority.
  • 00:50:00 The video shows footage of Lebanese political activists discussing the need for reform in Lebanon and the importance of coming to grips with Lebanese society. The activists discuss their opposition to corruption and how it is important to them for reasons beyond just fighting for their own interests.

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