Summary of Os Portugueses - Raízes do Brasil #2

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The Portuguese are a people with a long history of exploration and colonization, dating back to the 15th century. Their connection to Brazil is a result of their efforts to find new land to conquer, which led them to discover and claim the territory for Portugal. Today, the Portuguese language and Roman Catholicism are still prevalent in Brazil as a result of the Portuguese colonization.

  • 00:00:00 The Portuguese are natives of the Iberian Peninsula and the islands of Açores and Madeira. Their official language is Portuguese, and they have Roman Catholicism as their main religion. Their connection to Brazil is a result of their exploration and colonization efforts, which began in 1415. Limited by Spanish control of land and maritime trade and by Italian control of the Mediterranean Sea, the Portuguese threw themselves into the Atlantic, looking for new land to conquer in Africa. With the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks in 1453, the way to the Orient was closed. Portugal found a new route to the Indies by way of Vasco da Gama in 1498, thanks to the Portuguese's enhancement of maritime skills, cartography, and instruments, as well as their fast ships - the caravels and naus. To circumvent Africa, Portugal had to move away from the coast to avoid the area of calmarias. One of the most popular stories about the arrival of the Portuguese in Brazil in 1500 is that Pedro Álvares Cabral sailed too far off course, anchoring in the bay of Bahia. However, many historians believe that Cabral already knew about the land to the west and was ordered by the Portuguese crown to take possession of it

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