Summary of Panel discussion with H. V. Kaltenborn

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00:00:00 - 01:00:00

H. V. Kaltenborn discusses his views on the importance of radio and television in educating the American people about their world responsibility. He believes that radio failed to handle ideas well, while television became buried in entertainment projects. Kaltenborn believes that radio will become increasingly important as the United States becomes more world-minded.

  • 00:00:00 H. V. Kaltenborn discusses his career as a journalist and broadcaster, including his time as a foreign correspondent at the World's Fair in Paris. He also discusses his long-standing ambition to become a politician in New York City.
  • 00:05:00 H. V. Kaltenborn discusses his experiences as a correspondent in Europe before World War I and his views on the relationships between France and Germany. Kaltenborn says that he was "obvious" to most people that war was imminent, but that it was not "obvious to most people." He also discusses the importance of armaments in the buildup to war.
  • 00:10:00 H. V. Kaltenborn discusses the idea of war and the first world war in a panel discussion with other journalists. Kaltenborn talks about how France had confidence in her alliance with Britain and how Germany was building up a naval power without England's knowledge. Kaltenborn also discusses the paper, Brooklyn Eagle, which had a bureau in Paris. Kaltenborn went on to Harvard as a special student and finished with a degree in journalism.
  • 00:15:00 H.V. Kaltenborn tells the story of how he went from working as a secretary to Harvard correspondent to eventually becoming an ambassador. He talks about how he met and fell in love with his future wife while he was away, and how his parents forced him to marry her. He eventually returned to the Brooklyn Eagle and found work as an editorial writer. After a few years, he left to become an ambassador, and eventually retired.
  • 00:20:00 H. V. Kaltenborn is a writer, forty years old, who realized the value of a college education, and then of course, after getting married and starting a family, he began traveling, going to Washington to work as a correspondent for many years. He was brought back to New York as a city editor, but did not like the job, and was eventually made war editor, during World War II. He then became a critic, and worked for a year as a dramatic critic for The Brooklyn Eagle. He then started broadcasting, and, in April of 1920, his first broadcast was over a signal corps station on Governor's Island. He became a radio commentator and, in the late 1920s, started his trials and tribulations as a man subject to public opinion. In 1940, he started a radio show, The H. V. Kaltenborn Show. In 1950, he started a television show, The Kaltenborn Show, which ran until 1957. He then started a new radio show, The Kaltenborn Show, in 1958.
  • 00:25:00 H. V. Kaltenborn discusses the development of his radio news commentator style, which he says he developed unconsciously. He notes that before he started broadcasting, he did a lot of public speaking, which helped him learn to control his voice.
  • 00:30:00 H. V. Kaltenborn is a respected radio broadcaster who was noted for his commentary on the news and for his ability to express opinions in a clear, emotional voice. He started out in radio broadcasting as a commentator on the news for a small independent station in New York City, but soon found himself in trouble for his editorial opinions. Kaltenborn eventually went to work for a Columbia broadcasting system station, where he continued to express his opinions freely.
  • 00:35:00 H. V. Kaltenborn is known for his commentary on world affairs during the 1930s, when radio was starting to take on a more important role in spreading information. His experience as a broadcaster allowed him to provide authoritative analysis of events. While radio was not accepted completely during this time, it was still a valuable tool for informing the public.
  • 00:40:00 H.V. Kaltenborn discusses the importance of news analysis in radio and how it has never been a significant part of American radio. He also speaks about the importance of being courteous and polite, as well as responding positively to proposals, in order to maintain a positive relationship with other countries. Kaltenborn also speaks about the importance of being a poor man's son and having to work hard to achieve success, which may have contributed to his sense of knowledge and understanding.
  • 00:45:00 The speaker discusses the importance of preparation and responsibility before broadcasting, and how radio had a greater opportunity than television to do so. He also discusses how television can improve its ability to communicate ideas to a wide audience.
  • 00:50:00 H. V. Kaltenborn discusses the importance of radio and television in educating the American people to their world responsibility. He points out that radio failed to handle ideas well, while television became buried in entertainment projects. Kaltenborn believes that radio will become increasingly important as the United States becomes more world-minded. He highlights President Theodore Roosevelt's role in developing America's position in the world, and the subsequent relationships that were formed as a result.
  • 00:55:00 The speaker discusses the United States' reluctance to take on a larger role in world affairs after World War I, and how it took many years for the country to fully come to terms with its role. The financial crisis of 1929 helped to accelerate the process, and by the time of Franklin D. Roosevelt's inauguration in 1933, the United States was firmly entrenched as a world power.

01:00:00 - 01:20:00

H. V. Kaltenborn discusses the rise of dictatorships in the early 1920s, specifically Adolf Hitler's Germany and Mussolini's Italy. He attributes their success to the right time and situation, and discusses how Russia's changing role in world affairs is affecting other countries.

  • 01:00:00 H. V. Kaltenborn discusses her ancestors and how it was difficult living in a dictatorial Germany during the early 1920s. She also discusses the conditions that led to the rise of Adolf Hitler, and how he was able to get followers to obey him.
  • 01:05:00 H. V. Kaltenborn discusses the role of dictators in creating the conditions that allow them to thrive. He specifically points to Adolf Hitler and Italian dictator Mussolini as two examples of how a dictator can be successful even if they lack other qualities typically associated with leadership.
  • 01:10:00 H. V. Kaltenborn discusses the importance of the right time and situation for a dictator to succeed, and how history has shown that this is not always the case. He also discusses the changing role of Russia in world affairs and how it is affecting the other countries in the world.
  • 01:15:00 In the late 1920s, when H. V. Kaltenborn was living in Russia, he saw the increasing influence of Communism and its effect upon the European scene. He also discussed the background of how this communistic expansion occurred, and how Russian education began to focus on communism as a way to propagate the ideology to the masses. Kaltenborn believes that, while the Soviet Union may have achieved some success based on its communist principles, the personalization of these ideologies requires a feeling of hatred towards the other, which is not present in Russia.
  • 01:20:00 The speaker discusses the communist beliefs of some Yugoslav and Polish leaders and how these leaders feel about the United States and the Democratic cause. He notes that these leaders feel that their own religion is the true faith, and that the United States will never be able to win over these leaders through negotiations. He recommends that the United States learn this lesson sooner rather than later in order to achieve better results in its dealings with these countries.

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