This video discusses how Johann Wolfgang Goethe's ballad "Erlkönig" can be interpreted in different ways. Selma argues that the poem can be seen as a metaphor for the relationship between a father and his son. The father, represented by the Erlkönig, is strong and determined, but ultimately unsuccessful in holding onto his son. The mother, represented by the Rose, is caring and nurturing, and helps the son find a way to connect with his otherworldly father. In the end, the father loses the son to the otherworldly world, symbolized by the King, who is more capable and rational.