The video discusses the idea that some people are able to achieve great things despite having obstacles placed in their way. It discusses how determination and persistence are important components of success, and how society can help to overcome limitations. It also discusses how some people are able to achieve great things despite being born at the end of a year, due to the fact that society imposes constraints on them that are greater than those of an individual.
Malcolm Gladwell discusses the success of people who are different from the majority, and how the shadow of slavery still matters in today's society. He cites the example of President Barack Obama, and how his victory does not mean the issue of racism is over. Another example of an outsider who has succeeded is entrepreneur, Mark Zuckerberg. He tells the story of how he coached his daughter's basketball team to a state championship, despite the fact that they were greatly outnumbered. This story illustrates the importance of attitude and effort in the success of any individual.