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In the video, Ralph Ralp discusses the concept of justice and how it relates to Kant's idea of morality. He argues that the theory of justice is a moral theory that is based on Kant's two principles of justice: that freedom is a priority over other social and economic concerns, and that wealth and talent must be fairly distributed. He explains that the theory is universalistic and has immutable foundations, but that it is also practical and political in nature.

  • 00:00:00 The video discusses the theory of justice as equity, also known as a moral Kantian theory. The presenter explains that the theory was proposed by American philosopher John Ralph in 1971 and that it is a moral theory based on Kant's two principles of justice: that freedom is a priority over other social and economic concerns, and that wealth and talent must be fairly distributed. Other features of the theory, such as its universalism and immutable foundations, are also discussed. However, the practical political nature of the theory remains alive, as is the question of what is moral about it. The presenter says that the original position could be seen as a procedural interpretation of Kant's famous categorical concession of autonomy. They provide reasons to refute this invocation by showing the immediate implications of Kant's principles of justice, such as the weakening of private property rights and negative freedom. To really understand what is moral about justice, one must look at the process by which it is derived, which is only possible under the following conditions: first, rights are valid only between external, practical relationships; second, rights are only valid between willing subjects; and third, rights do not take into account the content of the will, which is why justice is just a collection of additions.
  • 00:05:00 In this video, Kantian theorist Ralph Ralp discusses the concept of justice, which he defines as follows: justice is an objective legal principle that allows for the coexistence of individual liberty, and it preserves the idea of a moral code guiding the production of Canary law. Ralp also discusses the theory of justice's role in the development of a moral theory, and he argues that justice as a moral principle is necessary for the rationalization of moral judgment. Finally, he discusses the idea of autonomy and how it relates to the concept of justice.
  • 00:10:00 The video discusses Kant's idea that justice is a moral concept that should not be confused with purely rationalist notions of efficiency between self-interested individuals. The video argues that because the original position claimed that people have a certain degree of autonomy and the categorical imperative, it has a negative impact on the theory of rancid justice, which relies on a type of reasoning that seems to repeat the strategy of appealing to a numerical entity whose empirical referent is problematic. The original position was abandoned because of political motivations to clarify the normative foundations of Kant's theory of justice. The goal of this post-metaphysical version is to achieve objective morality through a process of constructing Kantian principles from scratch, without relying on final judgments about values or historical realities. The theory of justice is eventually relativized in this way, becoming a practical relationship between different conceptions of good. This relativization of the theory of justice makes it different from canal philosophy, which has no political commitment.
  • 00:15:00 The video discusses Kant's theory of justice, which is discussed in terms of its four points of view: external independence, political liberalism, internal autonomy, and moral autonomy. Real argues that all four points of view must be present in order for justice to be achieved. Kant's ideal of autonomy cannot be accepted as a basis for justice, so the ideal of political autonomy must be accepted as a condition for justice to be achieved. Kantian liberalism can be considered to be morally autonomous, meaning it is not bound by the principles of moral autonomy. The third point of view, which is compatible with Kantian moral autonomy, is that of the empirical citizen. The fourth point of view, which is not compatible with Kantian moral autonomy, is that of the private individual. Real argues that the old concept of justice as tied to private values is no longer relevant in a society that is based on Enlightenment values. The video finishes by discussing how Kant's theory of justice can be applied in today's society.
  • 00:20:00 This video discusses the Kantian idea of morality, and how it is still present in the new foundation and justification of the theory. The moral reflection is present in the notion of political moral person, and a particular development of the Kantian concept of autonomy leads to the marking of the political rationalism with respect to moral theory. Bibliographies are mentioned as sources.

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