Summary of Ingeniería Genética y Biotecnología.

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The video discusses the use of biotechnology in the agricultural and livestock sectors. Biotechnology is the application of techniques from genetics to transfer genetic information between organisms. This information is being used to improve animal breeding and production.

  • 00:00:00 The video discusses the use of biological systems to produce quality products for human use, known as biotechnology. For many centuries, humans have improved the phenotypes of plants and animals through selective breeding, discovering also the involvement of microorganisms in production. Today, biotechnology has advanced in scientific knowledge mainly in the field of molecular biology, allowing the transfer of genetic information between organisms via the application of techniques from genetics. It is unquestionable that man relies on nature to improve his scientific knowledge, where in particular Mexico as mentioned by Dr. Francisco Bolívar Zapata has a great capital to develop biotechnology and achieve its growth in the present day. The use of biotechnology in agricultural and livestock sectors is very wide-ranging, with an estimated 110 million hectares in use in Mexico. For the livestock sector, which employs 7% of all bovine animals, this number could increase through the use of biotechnological tools in addition to traditional genetic techniques, such as those developed in animal experimental research. The initial project, composed of 32 animals, underwent a period of adaptation and advanced status in the subsequent and subsequent stages.mainly in regard to herd management, allowed good results in terms of increased lactation, increased milk production per lactation period, and an increase
  • 00:05:00 Researchers have been able to discover the complete genomes of several animals, including pigs, cows, and horses, and have identified mutations that are associated with improvements in production traits, such as milk production in lactating animals and conception and identifying mutations in genes associated with improvements in animal production. This information is being used to improve animal breeding and production.

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