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The video discusses the topic of acefalía or the absence of a president or vice-president, and the proper order of succession for determining who should replace the president. The speaker explains that the concept of acefalía is not directly relevant to the exam, but they will be given a practical exercise to work on the following week. The speaker discusses the different cases of acefalía, including transitional governments, revolutions, and the law of presidential residence. They also explain that in the case of an absence of the president or vice-president, the Congress is responsible for determining the replacement. The video also addresses questions about the legality of the resulting government and elections, as well as the controversy surrounding the election of Carlos Menem as President of Argentina and his subsequent renunciation. Finally, the speaker discusses the role of the Presidency in convoking elections for a new President, as stipulated in the Constitution. The video concludes by stating that the law of acefalía, specifically the Acefalía Law in Argentina, regulates the transition of power in case of the President's absence, renunciation, or death, and that the same order of succession is followed regardless of the cause.