Summary of A shift towards pragmatism

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00:00:00 - 01:00:00

In this video, Brian Cam discusses the shift towards pragmatism in philosophy. He argues that this shift is due to the fact that competition is not the only driver of change, and that Nietzsche and Herbert Spencer have a better understanding of Darwin's theory of evolution. He also discusses how Freud may be using similar thinking.

  • 00:00:00 Brian Cam is a writer, researcher, and podcaster who is currently thinking about methodology and philosophy. He talked about how the goals of philosophy might be something more like an adverb, and that there are a few people who provide methodologies. Nietzsche is one of these people, and Cam mentioned how his concept of deconstruction helps to provide a methodology for philosophy.
  • 00:05:00 This video discusses the idea of pragmatism, which is the idea that the environment and situation at any given time should be taken into account when making decisions. Nietzsche, Freud, and Rousseau all believed in this principle, and argued that it was necessary for individuals to be able to act freely and without constraints. They also believed that civilization put limits on what people could do, and that this situation was not consensual. However, there is a growing trend of people who are unhappy with this state of affairs. Nietzsche and Freud's approaches to this problem are deconstruction and Darwinian evolution, respectively.
  • 00:10:00 In this video, philosopher Peter Singer discusses how pragmatism may be more relevant to understanding difficult philosophical questions than philosophical idealism. He goes on to say that this is a shift that was first started by philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche.
  • 00:15:00 This YouTube video discusses how thinking is shifting towards pragmatism, with an emphasis on the idea that competition is not the only driver of change. Nietzsche and Herbert Spencer are both mentioned as thinkers who have a better understanding of Darwin's theory of evolution. The video also discusses how Freud may be using similar thinking.
  • 00:20:00 The talk will discuss a theory called falsificationism, which holds that scientific theories cannot be empirically verified. Karl Popper, a proponent of falsificationism, responded to criticisms of verificationism.
  • 00:25:00 The Duom Quine Thesis states that, even though falsification is an attempt to prove something is true, it is impossible to do so. This is because the scientific process relies on assumptions that may be incorrect.
  • 00:30:00 This 1-minute video is about the work of philosopher John Quine. Quine argues that there is no clean division between the synthetic and analytic truths, and that all truths are, in some sense, synthetic. This idea is significant because it undermines the Kantian idea that there are two types of truths – synthetic and analytic – which are mutually exclusive and necessary for rational thought.
  • 00:35:00 Professor Van Norden discusses how some philosophers, such as Ludwig Wittgenstein, positivism, and John Dewey, believe that knowledge is based on empirical evidence. He also discusses how logical positivism, which is a school of thought that positivists follow, is associated with the idea that sense data boils down to logical propositions. He says he will return to the chat to answer any questions.
  • 00:40:00 The video discusses the philosophical movements of the 1920s and the 1950s, and how Wittgenstein's later work challenges the idea that language determines reality.
  • 00:45:00 In this video, philosopher Owen Flanagan discusses the shift towards pragmatism in philosophy. Pragmatism is the philosophy that believes that reality is based on experience rather than dogma. This shift away from logical positivism is one of the reasons why Kant became interested in the subject. In the thought experiment, Flanagan describes a scenario in which everything is as vivid and central as it is experienced. However, in a hypothetical matrix world where everything is just as vivid, the experience of writing is not real. This raises questions about the nature of reality that Kant was unable to answer.
  • 00:50:00 Pragmatism is the idea that everything is based on pragma, or action. This includes theories, skills, and even clothes. Pragmatism is more aligned with experiential sensualism and phenomenology than rationalism.
  • 00:55:00 In this video, Heidegger discusses the difference between "ready to hand" and "present at hand." He argues that the former is a more unconscious state, while the latter is when something goes wrong and attention is drawn to the object. Heidegger says that the scientific view is more in the present at hand state, while the philosophical view is more ready to hand. He then goes on to say that the two views can become confused, and recommends that philosophers pay attention to the present at hand state of scientific views in order to better understand them.

01:00:00 - 01:25:00

This video discusses the importance of pragmatism in today's society. The presenter argues that while philosophy is based on concepts, pragmatism is based on experience. He also suggests that people support him financially so that he can continue working on his project.

  • 01:00:00 This philosopher discusses the methodology of philosophy, arguing that it is a process of questioning and exploring concepts, even those that are abstract. He suggests that the proper end of philosophy is to approach it in a way that is similar to how scientists approach their work - with a questioning mind and a desire to explore further.
  • 01:05:00 This video discusses the origins of the modern scientific methodology, which is often traced back to the work of philosophers such as Socrates. It also discusses the methodologies of cloud-based research, structural anthropology, and David Graber's concept of the "cloud levy."
  • 01:10:00 The presenter discusses how the idea of stepping back can be applied to various aspects of life, including perception and memory. He also mentions philosopher Agnes Callard and physicist Heidegger Levy Strauss, and discusses their ideas on the impossibility of stepping back.
  • 01:15:00 The speaker argues that there is a difference between philosophy and pragmatism, and that while pragmatism is based on experience, philosophy is based on concepts. He also argues that while Socrates was leading people astray with his questioning, the Buddha was pointing in the right direction by constantly redirecting people back to experience.
  • 01:20:00 Briancam argues that Socrates is pointing people in the wrong direction by advocating for abstract concepts over experiential knowledge. This is why suffering and existential suffering exists, as people try to get concepts right rather than focus on their experiences. To escape this cycle, he suggests that people support him financially so that he can continue working on his project.
  • 01:25:00 In this video, the host discusses the need for pragmatism in today's society and encourages viewers to come to a chat on September 20th to discuss the same topic.

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