Summary of Redes 373. Entrevista a Paul Ekman. Fecha de emisión: 15-11-2005

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In this video, psychologist Paul Ekman discusses the role of emotions in human life. He explains that emotions are innate, and that we learn to feel them in response to specific stimuli over time. Ekman also discusses how emotions can be helpful in memory, attention, and logical reasoning. Finally, he talks about how his work in the field of emotion has helped people in fields such as animation, lie detection, and interrogation.

  • 00:00:00 In this video, psychiatrist and cognitive scientist Paul Ekman discusses how emotions play a role in our lives. He explains that over the past few centuries, many philosophers and scientists have believed that emotions are useless or that they impede our rationality. However, today we know that emotions exist in the human brain for millions of years and are actually quite useful for survival. Ekman suggests that it is better to live without emotions, but it is worse to not have any emotions. He goes on to say that some decisions are better handled without emotions, and that emotions can be helpful in memory, attention, and logical reasoning. Ekman concludes the video by saying that we need emotions to survive in today's city, and that emotions are sometimes harmful but usually more effective than making decisions without them.
  • 00:05:00 Interviewee, Paul Ekman, shares his findings on the universality of basic emotions over the past 30 years, and how this knowledge is used today in fields such as lie detection or animation. Over the past 30 years, Ekman has investigated the universality of emotions, and is one of the few people who knows much about how we express our feelings in social networks. We traveled to San Francisco to talk to him about his findings, which today are used in fields such as lie detection and animation. Ekman started his study of emotions in the late 40s, when most people believed that expressions and gestures were specific to a culture or even unique to humans. He studied literate and preliterate cultures, finding that although they had no contact with other cultures, they still had facial expressions and body signals that were universal. Ekman's findings challenge the prevailing view that expressions and gestures are specific to a culture and that they cannot be studied scientifically. He talks about the importance of social behavior being the product of culture and how it was a very unlikely concept 50 years ago. Ekman is a scientist whose discoveries have changed the way that he thinks. His findings are based on the idea that emotions are innate and
  • 00:10:00 This video features a discussion with Paul Ekman, a psychologist who has dedicated his life to understanding the emotions and their effects on the human mind. Ekman's work has been critical in the field of politics and communication, and he offers his theory on the subject, but it is only his own opinion. The universality of emotions is a fact, but it is because of Ekman's work in this field that we have the most important system of signals to communicate with other members of our species. Ekman is a Darwinist, and as such, he must write information that is expected of him as a politician. Political leaders attempt to find emotional connections with their citizens in order to be received positively. This is difficult in today's world, where individuals are more independent and communicate through written messages rather than face-to-face interactions. Ekman's role in this scene is to provide a calming influence on Hitler, who is feeling threatened by the new ideas being presented. Ekman's mannerisms and body language are very important in this scene, as they convey his intentions and emotions to the other actors. Franco, who is acting as Hitler's confidant, takes the lead in this interaction. He is very friendly, crosses his arms over his chest, and displays
  • 00:15:00 Paul Ekman discusses the emotions shown on someone's face, specifically anger, sadness, and fear. He explains that these emotions can be seen even when the person is trying to conceal them, and that through practice, people can learn to recognize these emotions in any situation.
  • 00:20:00 In this video, Paul Ekman, a leading expert on emotions, discusses the role of emotions in human life. He explains that emotions are not only innate, but that we learn to feel emotions in response to specific stimuli over time. Ekman goes on to say that, inhigher animals like humans, emotions are conscious consequences of unconscious processes. One key difference between an evolved and a less-developed brain is the ability to distinguish reality from representation- only humans with evolved brains can do this. Ekman also explains how our eyes send information to the brain, which processes it and sends it back out to the eyes very quickly, allowing the brain to activate the mechanisms that prepare us for a potential danger. Finally, Ekman discusses how a person with a defective gene for emotion recognition will experience anxiety as a result.
  • 00:25:00 Paul Ekman, a social psychologist who has been studying facial expressions for more than 30 years, discusses the usefulness of his knowledge in terms of helping people avoid violence, and how it is possible to develop the ability to be aware of an emotion's onset before acting. The first ability is the most difficult to learn, and is being able to be emotive or non-emotive. The Dalai Lama, who Ekman has interviewed, says one cannot choose where one's emotions come from. The second ability is being emotive and being able to control one's behaviour, even in a heated situation. The third ability is being able to be aware of another person's emotions, even if they do not know how they are feeling. Ekman has been consulting for three of the largest animation companies in the world, and his work has been instrumental in increasing the accuracy of interrogations and investigations. He has never thought about the possible applications of his research in terms of protecting national security.
  • 00:30:00 Paul Ekman, a psychologist, discusses how emotions are expressed on a wide range of fronts, including in the face of health risks. This knowledge has been used by doctors to help evaluate patients at risk for heart disease. Ekman has also opened up how emotions work, helping people to better understand themselves.

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