Summary of El IMPERIALISMO durante el Siglo XIX - Resumen | El Imperialismo en África y en Asia.

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Imperialism was a major force during the 1800s, as European countries fought for control of Africa and Asia. This led to the subjugation of many African people, and the rise of new republics like China and Japan.

  • 00:00:00 During the nineteenth century, the most powerful European countries began to compete for political and economic control of new territories around the world. This period of history was marked by the emergence of a new imperialism, which caused the major powers in Europe to subjugate other countries and compete for control of Africa and Asia. Several reasons, including the desire for natural resources and products not available in Europe, led to the rise of this new imperialism. Another motivator was the competition between European states, which took place throughout the century and often resulted in one country gaining prestige and international influence by acquiring new colonies. Nationalistic thought also helped to create a lot of interest in imperialism during this time, as many nineteenth-century nationalists believed that as their nation expanded around the world, it became increasingly glorious and powerful. Finally, another reason why this new imperialism emerged was the sense of European superiority that many of the imperialist countries felt. They saw themselves as a superior culture, and so they believed that they had the right to impose their rule and cultural practices on other people around the world. Starting in the nineteenth century, the European powers had only limited success in controlling African territory. However, over the course of the twentieth century, they gradually expanded their colonies northward into South Africa, creating a new British
  • 00:05:00 The 19th century was a time of great conflict between European powers, as they fought for control of Africa and Asia. The Anglo-Boer War (1899-1902) was the final conflict of this era, and resulted in the British gaining control of South Africa. Italy also joined the fray, taking control of Ethiopia in 1895. Other European powers, such as France, Belgium, and Germany, also expanded their empires during this time. By 1914, almost the entire continent of Africa was under European control. This military power led to the subjugation of most of the African people. Only Liberia and Ethiopia remained free.
  • 00:10:00 The video discusses the rise of imperialism during the 1800s, focusing on the Chinese Empire's attempts to compete with other countries for trade and business in its territory. The United States, France, Germany, and Japan all became involved in the imperialistic practices, and Japan's defeat in World War II forced it to grant generous commercial treaties to the United States. The success of the United States in Japan was an incentive for the European powers to enter the imperialistic stage, and they soon began to conquer islands in the Pacific Ocean, taking control of Samoa and Hawaii. Later, they faced Spanish and American forces in the Spanish-American War and won. This victory allowed the United States to conquer the territories of Puerto Rico and the Philippines, cementing its dominance in Asia. In China, the presence of foreign powers destabilized the country's internal politics, and the weakened Chinese Empire was forced to concessions to foreigners. A Chinese organization known as the Boxers Rebellion erupted against foreigners, but was quickly defeated by a powerful foreign army, composed of various units from different countries. After these events, the Chinese government had become so weakened that the forces of the revolutionary leader, Sun Yat-sen, overthrew the emperor and declared China a republic in 1912. In Japan, the opening

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