The English Revolution of the 1600s led to the establishment of a parliamentary monarchy. This video explains the events of the Revolution and how it led to the Parliament gaining more power within the English political system.
00:00:00 The English Revolution, which began in the 1600s, led to the establishment of a parliamentary monarchy. These events were known as the English Revolution and occurred between the years 1600 and 1649. The beginning of the Revolution saw King James I struggling with political problems and clashes between the monarchy and the parliament. These problems arose because the king desired to bypass parliament and also because the English monarch refused to accept religious requests from Puritans, a powerful group of landowners and businessmen. The problems between the monarchy and parliament increased during the reign of King Charles I. This led to the parliamentarians taking various measures to limit the king's power, such as the abolition of arbitrary trials, the abolition of taxes that the king had collected without their consent, and the approval of a law specifying that parliament must meet at least once every three years, with or without the king's consent. Charles I, aware of these measures' unpopularity, fled to Scotland and recruited Scottish help in a second civil war. Cromwell, victorious in the war, abolished the monarchy and executed King Charles I in 1649. This allowed the parliamentarians to abolish the monarchy and appoint Cromwell as head of the new government.
00:05:00 In 1649, the English Parliament was replaced by a monarchy under the rule of Oliver Cromwell. Cromwell faced many problems, including uprisings in Ireland and Scotland and strong opposition from within England. In order to solve these problems, Cromwell used force, which ended the opposition and dissolved the Parliament, leading to even more arbitrary policies. However, Oliver Cromwell died in 1600, 58 years after becoming Lord Protector, and his son, Charles II, was restored to the throne. Charles II was a Catholic and his brother, James, who was heir to the throne, was also a Catholic. This was not well accepted by the English Parliament, which wanted a Protestant monarch. These differences led to many conflicts between the king and the Parliament, culminating in the king ditching the Parliament in 1600, after which the Parliament invited William of Orange, the husband of James' daughter, to invade England. William and his wife, Mary, raised an army and invaded England, while Charles II fled to France. This event is known as the Glorious Revolution, as the victory of William represented also the victory of the Parliament. The Parliament gradually gained more power, until it became the true authority within the English political system. If you liked the video, be sure to subscribe